Chapter 13






I - Idad (Yew) - Tree Alphabet / (─●●●●●─) Line Ogham





NAME         Iafeth

EPITHET      Father of the Caucasian

ALTERNATIVE  Iáfed / Iathfed / Iathféth / Iapetus / Japhet

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     Titan

CULTURE      pre-Goidel Aryan

COUNTRY      Turkey / Iraq / Armenia / Georgia / Azerbaijan /

             Dagestan / Ukraine / Russia

LANDMARKS    Alma Dagh / Taurus / Caucasus / Plateau of

             Phrygia / Black Sea / Crimea / Don / Volga /

             Caspian Sea

SITES        Mount Armenia (Ararat)

AGE          early-Bronze

DATES        BC 21st c

RELATIVES    Noe (father); Coba (mother); Olivana and Cata

             Casta (wives); Gomer, Madai, Iaban, Tubal,

             Mosoch, Thiras and Magog (sons) / Ouranos

             (father); Gaia (mother); Epimetheus and

             Prometheus (sons)

SEE ALSO     Gomer / Magog

REMARKS      In Celtic mythology Iafeth (Japhet) was the

  progenitor of the people of northern Asia Minor from the

  Alma Dagh (Mai/Amanus) and Taurus mountains of southeastern

  Turkey northward through old Armenia and the Caucasus.

  North of the Caucasus, the territory streched east around

  the Caspian Sea to the Volga and west around the Black Sea

  across the Don river to the Crimean Peninsula.  The

  northern part of the territory has been referred to as

  Scythia at different times, although this was long before

  the Scythians of history.  When Iafeth died he was buried

  on Mount Armenia (Ararat) in Turkey.

       The sons of Iafeth were Gomer and Magog (Magoth), both

  progenitors of the Goidel and Scythian, Madai (Meda) of the

  Median, Iabal (Iaban/Iavan/Javan) "The Eldest" of the

  Ionian, Tubal of the Tibarenian (Iberian), Mosoch of the

  Moschian (Cappadoce), and Thiras (Tiras) of the Thracian.

  Iafeth is also considered the father of the Europeans and

  his progeny conquered all the land west to the Atlantic

  Ocean, west of Hibernia and Britain and south to Gibraltar.

       In Classical mythology, Iafeth was a Titan and a son

  of Ouranos and Gaia.  His sons were Epimetheus and

  Prometheus and their children were the first humans.  When

  the Titans were defeated by Zeus and his followers, Iafeth

  was held at Tartarus, a prison of perpetual darkness within

  a brazen wall.  Later, Greek writers lowered his status to

  a son of Oceanus.  Wilkens, Where Troy Once Stood, has also

  suggested that Iafeth (Japhet) was associated with Bronze

  Age Gaul.

       Judaeo-Christian mythology places Iafeth as a son of

  Noe, everyone else on the planet having died in the great

  flood.  Iafeth's wives were Olivana, who was the first

  person to make garments after the flood, and Cata Casta.

       The phrase " a descendant of Iafeth" has been used to

  mean "of the Caucasian race".  The terms Aryan and Indo-

  European have also been used to indicate Caucasian origin,

  but refer more to the language base.



NAME         Ialona

EPITHET      Of the Glades

ALTERNATIVE  Iano (glade)

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         goddess of meadows and cultivated fields

CULTURE      Hallstatt - Volcae Arcomici and Cenomani tribes

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Gard


LANDMARKS    Rhône / Cevennes

SITES        Nîmes

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 5th c

SEE ALSO     Ialonos

REMARKS      Nîmes sits on a flat plain between the Rhône

  river and the Cevennes mountains.  Both the Volcae Arcomici

  and their clients the Cenomani settled the area in BC 5th

  century.  Nîmes was in the territory of the Cenomani tribe

  and Iano was venerated as a goddess of meadows and

  cultivated fields.



NAME         Ialonos

EPITHET      Who Dwells Among Us (Ialonus Contreb)

ALTERNATIVE  Iano (glade)

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of clearings and cultivated fields

CULTURE      Briton - Setantii tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Lancashire / Lancaster

SITES        Overborough

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

SEE ALSO     Ialona

REMARKS      Ialonos was a male deity who was venerated at

  Overborough in Lancaster.  This was the territory of the

  Setantii tribe who settled the area in BC 6th century.

       His name is the male variation of Ialona, the goddess

  of cultivated fields.  The name Ialonos may have been a

  Roman perversion, as they had a habit of giving the roles

  of goddesses over to gods.



NAME         Ianuaria

EPITHET      Patron of Music

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity / bard

TYPE         healer goddess / musician

CULTURE      Goidel / Gallic - Sequani, Ædui and Lingones

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Burgundy

SITES        curative spring at Beire-le-Chatel

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 12th-8th c / BC 9th c / BC 7th c


REMARKS      Ianuaria was venerated as a musician who would

  heal people with sweet music after they soaked in the

  curative spring Beire-le-Chatel near present-day Dijon.

       This was a site that was central to three Goidel

  tribes: the Sequani (BC 12th-8th c), the Ædui (BC 9th c)

  and the Lingones (BC 7th c).



NAME         Iarbonel

EPITHET      The Soothsayer / The Giant

ALTERNATIVE  Artoat / Artur / Iarbanel / Iardaines / Iardan /

             Iardanel / Iardanis

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / filidh

TYPE         soothsayer

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Cork / Wexford

TERRITORY    Phrygia / Munster / Connacht / Ulster / Leinster

LANDMARKS    Plateau of Phrygia / Black Sea / Cork Harbour /

             Wexford Harbour / Bannow Bay

SITES        Camross

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Ros Fraechain / Murbolg / Cnamros (died)

RELATIVES    Nemhedh (father); Meda (wife); Beothach and

             Semul (sons); Starn, Anind and Fergus

             (brothers); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Conann

SEE ALSO     Anind / Beothach / Conann mac Faeboir / Fergus

             Lethderg / Magog / Nemhedh / Semul / Starn

REMARKS      Iarbonel son of Nemhedh was one of the 5

  chieftains who led his followers from the Plateau of

  Phrygia in Turkey to Cork Harbour, Ireland.

       After leading his warriors to victory against the

  Fomorii in the battles of Ros Fraechain in Connacht and

  Murbolg in Ulster, he fell by the hand of the Fomorian

  chieftain, Conann, during the battle of Cnamros in

  Leinster.  The battle took place at Camross near Taghmon in

  Co. Wexford between Wexford Harbour and Bannow Bay.



NAME         Ibar mac Riangabair

ALTERNATIVE  Riangabra / Riangabur

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     charioteer

TYPE         driver for Conchobar (Ri Ruirech)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh


LANDMARKS    Finncarn (White Cairn)

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

RELATIVES    Riangabar (father); Id, Laeg, Sedlang (brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Conchobar / Cu Chulainn / Id macRiangabra / Laeg

             / Necht Scene / Sedlang

REMARKS      Ibar son of Riangabar was a charioteer for

  Conchobar.  Conchobar told him to harness his horses to his

  chariot and drive for Cu Chulainn on the day that he took

  up arms.  Ibar drove Cu Chulainn to Finncarn and from there

  he named all the mountains, plains and major raiths between

  Temair and Cenannos for him.  It was on this trip that Cu

  Chulainn killed the 3 sons of Necht Scene.



NAME         Ibath


GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Nemedian tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal


LANDMARKS    Tory Island (island of towers)

SITES        Conann's Tower (Tuir Chonaind)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th-18th c

BATTLES      Magh Ceitne

RELATIVES    Beothach (father); Baath (son); Iarbonel

             (grandfather); Nemhedh (great-grandfather);

             Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii

SEE ALSO     Beothach / Conann mac Faeboir / Iarbonel / Magog

             / Morc mac Deiled / Nemhedh

REMARKS      Ibath son of Beothach, son of Iarbonel, son of

  Nemhedh, was a survivor of the attack on Conann's Tower,

  the Fomorian stronghold on Tory Island, and the battle

  against Morc mac Deiled's 3x20 shiploads of warriors.

       Before Beothach died, Ibath and his son Baath (Baad)

  were the first of the Nemedian to give up on Ireland and

  led a group of people to Great Lochlann (Scandinavia) in

  the northeast where they studied the arts of druidism.

  Their descendants later returned to Ireland as the powerful

  druids of the Danann.



NAME         Icovellauna

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         healer water goddess

CULTURE      Hallstatt / Belgae - Mediomatrici tribe

COUNTRY      France

REGION       Moselle

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

LANDMARKS    Moselle

SITES        thermal spring of Sablon

CENTERS      Metz (Divodorum - Citadel of the Gods)

AGE          Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 9th c

REMARKS      Icovellauna was goddess of healing in the Sablon

  thermal spring at Metz.  Metz was the capital of the

  Mediomatrici tribe who settled the area around BC 9th




NAME         Id macRiangabra

ALTERNATIVE  Riangabair / Riangabur

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     charioteer

TYPE         driver for Ferdiad / Conall Cernach

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

SITES        Ath Ferdiad (Ferdiad's Ford)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

RELATIVES    Riangabar (father); Laeg, Ibar and Sedlang


ENEMIES      Laeg

SEE ALSO     Conall Cernacht / Ferdiad / Ibar mac Riangabra /

             Laeg / Sedlang

REMARKS      Id son of Riangabar was the charioteer for

  Ferdiad and a brother of Laeg, the charioteer for Cu

  Chulainn.  In preparation for the combat between Ferdiad

  and Cu Chulainn, Id should have bolstered the spirit of his

  master but instead he praised the virtues of Cu Chulainn

  and spoke doom and gloom to Ferdiad.  When Cu Chulainn and

  Ferdiad were fighting at the ford (Ath Ferdiad), Id lacked

  the courage of his brother and when he tried to stop Laeg

  from arming Cu Chulainn with the Gae Bolga, he was beaten

  by his brother.

       After the death of Ferdiad, Id became a charioteer to

  Conall Cernacht, which allowed him to change camps from

  Connacht to Ulster and raises the question of loyalty to

  his previous master.



NAME         Idris Gawr

EPITHET      Idris the Giant

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         astronomer

CULTURE      Pictish / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England / Wales

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr

LANDMARKS    Loire / Mount Snowdon

SITES        Cadeir Idris (seat of Idris)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 550 ca.

ACCESSORIES  observatory

SEE ALSO     Gwyddion ap Don / Gwynn ap Nudd

REMARKS      Idris Gawr was one of the 3 happy astronomers of

  the island of Britain along with Gwyddion and Gwynn.  Their

  knowledge of the heavenly bodies allowed them to predict

  future events such as the stations of the sun, moon,

  planets, stars and constellations.

       Idris Gawr was part of the Pictish migration that left

  from Llydaw (Brittany) and sailed to Cornwall in Lloegr

  (England).  In Wales he built an observatory at Mount

  Snowdon which was called Cadeir Idris (The Seat of Idris).



NAME         Igerna


GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

CULTURE      Briton - Dumnonii tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Cornwall

CENTERS      Tintagel {Tin-taj-ell}

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 5th c

RELATIVES    Gorlois (husband); Uther (husband); Arthur

             (son); Anna (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Arthur / Gorlois / Myrddin Wyllt / Uther

REMARKS      When Igerna and her husband were at the victory

  celebration after defeating the invading Celts and Germani,

  Uther fell in love with her.  Uther's desire for her was so

  great that she and her husband had to flee to Cornwall.

  Igerna fled to Raith Tintagel which was safe because of its

  natural defence of cliffs on the sea, while her husband

  defended the raith of Dimilioc to draw away Uther and his


       Under the cover of darkness her husband appeared and

  they made love.  She did not realize that the man she was

  with was Uther and not her husband because Myrddin had used

  his sorcery to make him look like Gorlois.  Uther left to

  return to battle and the next morning a messenger brought

  the news that her husband had been killed during a battle

  at Raith Dimilioc and Uther had captured his fortress.  She

  and Uther were married and she lived with him as an equal,

  bearing him two children, Arthur and Anna.



NAME         Ilbhreach

ALTERNATIVE  Ilbreac / Ilbreach / Ilbrec / Ilbreg

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Donegal


SITES        Ballyshannon

CENTERS      Sidhe Eas Aedha Ruaidh

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      Danann Civil War

RELATIVES    Manannan (father); Gormlinde (mother); Orbsen,

             Illanach, Cairpre Condualach, Failbi Findbuide,

             Gaiar and Goth Gaithy (brothers); Echdonn

             (sister); Gaela (half-sister/niece); Elloth

             (grandfather); Eladu (great-grandfather); Magog,

             Iarbonel and Net (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Bodb Dearg / Daghda / Eladu / Elloth /

             Fionnbharr / Iarbonel / Lir / Magog / Midhir

             Net / Ochall Ochne / Manannan

REMARKS      Ilbhreach was a son of Manannan and sided with

  Midhir during the civil war of the Danann after the Goidel

  had conquered Ireland from them.  The main chieftains

  involved in the war were Bodb Dearg, Ilbhreach, Lir,

  Midhir, Ochall Ochne and Fionnbharr, who replaced Manannan.

  Daghda allotted Ilbhreach Sidhe Eas Aedha Ruaidh, later

  called the Mound of Mullachshee, in county Donegal near




NAME         Iliach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Ulster / Immail

SITES        The Two Marrow Mounds

CENTERS      Raith Imbil

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / The Clump Fight of Iliach

ACCESSORIES  shield / sword / rocks / clumps of earth

RELATIVES    Cass (father); Connad Buide (son); Loeghaire

             (grandson); Amorgen (brother); Conall (nephew);

             Ross the Red (great-grandfather); Ir and

             Rudraige (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Amorgen Iarngiunnach / Conall Cernacht / Connad

             Buide / Doche macMagach / Ir / Loeghaire

             Buadhach / Ross the Red / Rudraige

REMARKS      Iliach was the son of Cass son of Bacc son of

  Ross the Red son of Rudraige.  At the time of the Cattle

  Raid of Cualnge, Iliach was an ancient man whose days were

  numbered.  He became maddened when he found out that a Host

  of warriors representing Connacht were raiding Ulster and

  carrying off the women, children and herds.  He had his two

  old and decrepit horses fastened to his worn-out old-

  fashioned wattle-walled chariot and loaded it with rocks

  and clumps of earth.

       Iliach went into battle naked (without armor) except

  for his iron shield with the silver rim and his gray-hilted

  long hacking sword.  When the warriors of Connacht saw him

  coming, they mocked and jeered him.  Doche macMagach, a

  great friend of Iliach's grandson Loeghaire Buadach, met

  him and bid him welcome.  Iliach asked Doche to come to him

  when he had spent his wrath and collect his head and sword

  for his grandson Loeghaire.

       Iliach attacked the Host of Connacht with such

  enthusiasm and rage that he killed many before his weapons

  gave out and he resorted to the rocks and the clumps of

  earth piled in his chariot.  When these weapons were

  finished he grabbed the nearest warrior and crushed him

  with his bare hands and turned him into a mass of marrow.

       Iliach, finally worn out, was then approached by

  Doche, who collected his head and weapons for Loeghaire.

  The battle was called The Clump Fight of Iliach at the site

  known as The Two Marrow Mounds.



NAME         Illann Ilarchless

EPITHET      Of the Many Feats / The Fair (Iollan)


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Armagh

TERRITORY    Ulster exile / cause of Connacht

SITES        Red Branch hostel / Imorach Smiromrach (Edge of

             The Marrow Bath)

CENTERS      Emain Macha (Navan) / Raith Cruachan

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Red Branch hostel / Cualnge Cattle Raid /

             Gairech & Irgairech

RELATIVES    Ferghus mac Roig (father); Ness (mother ?);

             Fiacha and Buinne (brothers); Conchobar (half-


ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Bearuch / Buinne / Cethern / Conall Cernacht /

             Conchobar mac Nessa / Deirdre / Ferghus mac Roig

             / Fiacha / Fiachra / Fingin / Naoise / Ness /


REMARKS      Illann was a son of Ferghus and descendant of Ir

  of the Milesian (Goidel).  He and his brothers were left to

  guard Deirdre and the sons of Usna when Ferghus was tricked

  into attending a feast by Bearuch.  Illann helped get the

  party to the safety of the Red Branch hostel where they

  were made welcome.

       Conchobar ignored the sanctity of the hostel and sent

  warriors loyal to him against it.  Illann engaged

  Conchobar's son Fiachra in combat and was beating him when

  Fiachra's shield (Ochain), on loan from his father, began

  to moan under the fierce attack.

       Conall Cernacht heard the moaning of Conchobar's

  shield and quickly rushed to the side of Fiachra and

  attacked Illann.  Illann yelled to Conall of the treachery

  that was taking place at the Hostel and Conall turned on

  Fiachra and killed him.

       Illann became an exile from Ulster and fought on the

  side of Connacht during the Cualnge Cattle Raid.  When

  Cethern attacked the Host of Connacht with an iron spit,

  Illann was the first to exchange blows with him.  Illann

  gave Cethern the superficial wound of a friend and it was

  the first wound examined by Fingin the leech.



NAME         Imanuentios

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Briton - Trinovantes tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Essex / Suffolk


CENTERS      Braughing

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c

RELATIVES    Avarwy (son); Dumnuvelaunus (grandson)

ENEMIES      Cassubellaunos

SEE ALSO     Avarwy Mandubrad / Casseto / Cassubellaunos /


REMARKS      Imanuentios was killed by Cassubellaunos during

  a skirmish with the Catuvellauni tribe.  Casseto, an anti-

  Roman, was elected head chieftain of the tribes.



NAME         Imrinn

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / druid

CULTURE      Goidel - Dal nAraide / Danann / Pictish

COUNTRY      Ireland


SITES        Mound of Slane in Mide

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ACCESSORIES  hooked shield / sword

RELATIVES    Cathbad (father); Maga (mother); Genonn

             (brother); Dechtire, Elbha and Findchaem

             (sisters); Conchobar (half-brother); Ir and

             Anghus (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

SEE ALSO     Anghus mac Og / Cathbad / Conchobar mac Nessa /

             Dechtire / Elbha / Findchaem / Genonn Gruadsolus

             / Ir / Maga

REMARKS      During the preparation for the battle of

  Gairech, Imrinn was with his father and brother in the

  vanguard of the troop of druids.  He was described by

  MacRoth as a curly-haired youth wearing a blue tunic, green

  cloak and purple boots.  He carried a sword with a white

  hilt decorated in silvered bronze and a shield with hooks

  around its edge.



NAME         Inciona

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         earth goddess

CULTURE      Belgae - Treveri tribe / Mediomatrici tribe

COUNTRY      Luxembourg

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

SITES        Widdenberg

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 9th c / BC 1st c

RELATIVES    Veraudinos (consort)

SEE ALSO     Veraudinos

REMARKS      The goddess Inciona was venerated at Widdenberg

  in present-day Luxembourg.  The Treveri and Mediomatrici

  tribes settled in the Luxembourg territory during BC 9th

  century and were still there during the Roman invasion in

  BC 1st century.



NAME         Indech

EPITHET      The Great (Mor) / Son of the Domnu (mac De


ALTERNATIVE  Indeach / Indeouch / Indig / Indich / Inneach

             mac De Domhnann / Ninnech

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior / druid / chieftain

TYPE         poet / craft

CULTURE      Fomorii / Fir Domnann tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Domnu (mother); Tuire Tortbuillech (father);

             Bagna (half-sister/consort); Omna, Goll, Irgol

             and Octriallach (sons); Breg, Meng and Mebal

             (daughters); Beelzebub (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Danann / Oghma / Lugh

SEE ALSO     Balor / Bress / Breg / Daghda / Domnu / Indech /

             Lugh / Morrighan / Octriallach / Oghma

REMARKS      Indech was the son of Tuire Tortbuillech and the

  goddess Domnu.  He and his warriors fought alongside the

  Fomorians during the second battle of Magh Tuireadh.

       During the time when Bress was head chieftain of the

  Danann of Ireland, Indech, Balor and Tethra imposed a tax

  on them.  When Bress was deposed, Indech and Balor had to

  protect him from the Danann.  The Morrighan used her

  sorcery to take the valor out of his kidneys and the blood

  out of his heart.  She gave the Daghda two handfuls of his

  blood, which condemned Indech to death before the battle

  even started.

       Indech's daughter Breg went against him when she had

  sexual intercourse with the Daghda and promised to help him

  with her talents.  Indech killed Oghma during the battle

  north Moytura but was killed himself by Lugh.

       Indech claimed descent through his Fomorii bloodline

  back to Beelzebub (Baalzebur).  Beelzebub was known to the

  Hebrews as the Philistine god of Ekron, a small town in

  Palestine.  The Philistines were an ancient people who came

  from the Carion region of Anatolia (Turkey) around BC 12th

  century and settled the 5 centers of Gaza, Ascalon, Ashod

  (Esdud), Gath and Akiron (Ekron) in ancient Palestine. They

  were tall Caucasians, Aryans or Indo-European speaking

  people, whose society was governed by a confederacy of

  chieftains.  They introduced the use of iron weapons, grape

  vines and the olive tree to ancient Palestine.



NAME         Indui

EPITHET      The Great (Mor)

ALTERNATIVE  Indai / Innui

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo / Donegal

TERRITORY    Ulster / Ailech / Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh) / Inishowen


SITES        Grianan Aileach (burial tumulus)

CENTERS      Raith Ailig (died)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Delbaeth (father); Ernmas (mother/consort); Neto

             (son); Olloman and Fiachu (brothers); Macha,

             Danu, Badbh and Elcmar (sisters); Eire, Fodhla

             and Banbha (half-sisters/nieces); Brénos,

             Iuchar, Iucharba and Corpre Crom (half-brother/

             nephew); Glonn, Gnim and Coscar (half-brothers);

             Fea and Nemhain (granddaughters); Ai (nephew);

             Oghma and Etarlam (grandfathers); Magog,

             Iarbonel, Net and Ordan (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Gann

SEE ALSO     Ai mac Ollamain / Badbh / Banbha / Brénos / Danu

             / Delbaeth / Elcmar / Eire / Ernmas / Fea /

             Fiachu / Fodhla / Iarbonel / Macha / Magog /

             Nemhain / Net / Neto / Oghma / Olloman / Ordan

REMARKS      Indui, chieftain of Ailech on the Inishowen

  Peninsula in county Donegal, was the son of Delbaeth and


       Indui died fighting in the trenches at Rath Ailig

  (Grianan Aileach) during the battle of north Moytura by the

  hand of youthful Gann.



NAME         Indutiomaros

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / chieftain

TYPE         horse warrior / war leader

CULTURE      Belgae - Treveri tribe

COUNTRY      Germany / Luxembourg / France

REGION       Rhineland

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica

LANDMARKS    Ardenne highlands / Moselle

CENTERS      Trier

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 54 (died)

RELATIVES    Cingetorix (son-in-law)

ENEMIES      Cingetorix / Caesar

SEE ALSO     Ambiorix / Catuvolcus / Cingetorix

REMARKS      Indutiomaros wanted to clear Gaul of the Roman

  invaders.  He accused Cingetorix, the vergobret of the

  tribe, of being a traitor to his people.  Indutiomaros also

  encouraged Ambiorix and Catuvolcus to rebel against the

  Roman opressors.

       During the winter of BC 54, Indutiomaros kept up a

  campaign against the Romans and was attracting Celtic

  warriors from all tribes of Gaul.  He and his warriors

  attacked a Roman camp in the territory of the Remi, and

  unknown to him, the Roman mercenary horse warriors had been

  told to go after him only.  When the gates opened, the

  Celts scattered and Indutiomaros was chased and killed at a

  river ford.  His head was cut off and brought back to their

  camp.  Cingetorix, the traitor, was given supreme power

  over his people.



NAME         Ingcel

EPITHET      The One-Eyed

ALTERNATIVE  Incel / Ingcel Caech

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior / raider

TYPE         ungentle / huge / fearful / uncouth

CULTURE      Briton

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    Albion (Isle of Britain) / Mide

LANDMARKS    Strand of Fuirbthe / Magh mBreg / Magh Liffey

SITES        Hill of Howth / Cairn Lecca at Hui

             Cellaig / Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  one black eye with 7 pupils

RELATIVES    Eiccel and Tulchinne (brothers)

ENEMIES      Host of Eirinn

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Fer Gar / Fer

             Lee / Fer Rogain / Lomna Druth / Lugh / Mac

             Cecht / Mane Andoe / Mane Milscothach

REMARKS      Ingcel was a raider from Albion (Isle of

  Britain) and when he met up with the sons of Donn Desa at

  sea they decided to join forces for the purpose of raiding.

       The leaders drew lots to see where they would raid

  first.  Ingcel won and led his force of 1300 plus the

  larger force of warriors of Connacht and attacked his home,

  killing his mother, father and 7 brothers.  The hoard of

  raiders then sailed to Ireland and made landfall off the

  coast of Magh mBreg.  Ingcel sent 9 warriors to the Hill of

  Howth to study the ley of the land.  Two of the nine were

  Mane Milscothach, who had the gift of hearing, and Mane

  Andoe, who had the gift of far sight and judgment.

       From the Hill of Howth they could hear and see Conaire

  with his troop of warriors on the road and Mac Cecht just

  striking the chieftain fire (Samhain) at the Hostel of Da

  Derga.  The 3x50 raider ships carrying 5000 warriors were

  just about to land on the Strand of Fuirbthe when the

  horrific sound of Mac Cecht's boar-fire hurled them onto

  the shoulders of the sea.  Fer Rogain, who had the gift of

  excellent hearing given to him by Conaire, explained to

  Ingcel that the sound he had heard was the Torc Caille

  (chieftain fire) of the high chieftain of Ireland.

       When the raiders did land, the sound was so thunderous

  when their ships hit the beach that it shook the hostel and

  all the spears and shields fell from their racks and

  uttered a cry as they hit the floor.  The raiders made

  their way to Hui Cellaig, where each placed a stone into a

  heap and built Cairn Lecca.  Warriors built a cairn for a

  destruction and raised a pillar stone for a rout.  When the

  battle was over, the surviving warriors removed their

  stones from the cairn.

       Ingcel went in close to the hostel to do a

  reconnaissance with his one black eye which was the size of

  an oxhide and had 7 pupils.  After he saw all, he returned

  to his camp and gathered his warriors in circles around

  him.  The inside circle held the six chieftains Fer Gar,

  Fer Lee, Fer Rogel, Fer Rogain, Lomna and himself.  Fer

  Rogain began to question Ingcel as to what he saw, so he

  gave descriptions of the different rooms in the hostel and

  the warriors in them.  Ingcel made the second best

  reckoning in Ireland when he reckoned the host at the

  hostel of Da Derga.  (The first was made by Lugh when he

  reckoned the number of Fomorians the Danann would have to


       When the raiders attacked the Hostel of Da Derga, many

  thousands died on each side.  Of the raiders, only Ingcel,

  his two brothers Echell and Tulchinne and the two reds of

  Roiriu were able to retrieve their stones from Cairn Lecca.

  Ingcel sailed home to Albion where he became the head

  chieftain of his people.



NAME         Innell


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / scout

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel / Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Ard Cuillen (the Height of Cuillen) / Ath Gabla

             (Ford of the Fork)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  Fochnam was his charioteer

RELATIVES    Nera (father); Err (brother)

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Cu Chulainn / Err / Nera

REMARKS      Innell and his brother were scouts for the Host

  of Connacht and would ride ahead of the troops looking for

  the best paths, river crossings and camping sites.  Inell

  and his brother Err found the ogham wreath on the pillar

  stone that Cu Chulainn made as a challenge to the warriors

  of Connacht.

       Innell and his brother came upon Cu Chulainn while he

  was constructing his four-pronged fork in the creek of the

  wood, and Innell's head was the second to adorn the fork

  after his brother.  The heads of the two charioteers Foich

  and Fochlam soon followed.



NAME         Ir

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) / Egyptian - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia

TERRITORY    Thrace / Munster

LANDMARKS    Thracian Sea

SITES        Irena / Skellig of the Spectres

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

RELATIVES    Golamh (father); Scota (mother); Eber (son);

             Amhairghin, Eremon, Eber, Colptha and Arannan

             (brothers); Dil and Odba (half-sisters); Donn

             and Airioch (half-brothers); Bile

             (grandfather/cousin); Bregon (great-

             grandfather); Brego, Bladh, Fuad, Murthemne,

             Cualgne, Cuala, Eibleo, Nar and Ith (cousins);

             Rifath Scot (ancestor)

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Arannan / Bile / Bladh / Bregon /

             Colptha / Donn / Eber / Eremon / Fuad / Golamh /

             Ith / Odba / Rifath Scot / Scota

REMARKS      Ir, son of Golamh, son of Bile, son of Bregon,

  was born on the island of Irena in the Thracian Sea.  He

  died during the invasion of Ireland when the warriors were

  racing to make first landfall.  Ir's boat was a murchrech

  ahead of Donn's when his oar broke and he fell backward

  into the boat and died.  He was buried off the west coast

  of Munster in Sceilic (Skellig of the Spectres).

       His son, Eber, survived the invasion of Ireland and

  many of the people of Ulster are his descendants.



NAME         Irgalach

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / retired

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland


AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

RELATIVES    Lach (father)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

REMARKS      Irgalach led a troop of experienced retired

  warriors against Connacht during the battles of Gairech so

  that they could act as advisors to the younger warriors of




NAME         Iriel Faid


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Muaide (died)

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c / BC 1494-1484 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Eremon (father); Tea (mother); Ethriel (son);

             Eidenn, Alan, Aine, Caithiar and Caicher Cernda

             and Palap (brothers); Muimne, Luigne, Laigne

             (half-brothers); Rifath Scot (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Er / Orba / Feron / Fergna / Suirge / Lug Roith

             / Eochaid Echcenn

SEE ALSO     Conmael / Eremon / Lug Roith / Rifath Scot / Tea

REMARKS      Iriel Faid, son of Eremon and Tea, revenged his

  family by killing his cousins Er, Orba, Feron and Fergna

  and becoming the second high chieftain and the first to

  rule who was born in Ireland.

       During his rule Iriel Faid cleared the 12 plains of

  Magh Rechet, Magh Eile, Magh Commair, Magh Sleibe, Magh

  Sanais, Magh nDairbrech, Magh Techet, Magh Lugna, Magh

  Faithne, Magh nInis and Magh Cuile Feda.  He also

  constructed the 7 forts of Raith Cimbaith, Raith Croichne,

  Raith Bachaill, Raith Cuincheda, Raith Mothaich, Raith

  Buirech and Raith Lochaid.

       Iriel Faid won the battles of Ard Inmaith in Tethba

  against Suirge son of Dub, the battle of Lochmag against

  Lug Roith son of Mofemis and the battle of Tenmag against

  the Fomorian Eochaid Echcenn.

       Iriel Faid was the high chieftain of Ireland for 10

  year until he died at Magh Muaide and was succeded by his

  son Ethriel who ruled for 20 years until he was killed by

  his cousin Conmael.



NAME         Isbaddaden

EPITHET      Hawthorn Chieftain of the Giants (Ysbaddaden


ALTERNATIVE  Ysbaddaden {Uss-path-ad-an} Benkawr

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         giant

CULTURE      Briton

COUNTRY      Wales

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Land of Giants (Tir na Fathach)

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  3 spears with stone heads

RELATIVES    Olwen (daughter); Custenhin (brother)

ENEMIES      Goreu

SEE ALSO     Aedh mac Ainmireach / Amaethon / Arthur / Cadw /

             Cilydd / Culhwch / Custenhin / Cyledyr Wyllt /

             Eidoel / Garseldid / Glythfyr Llydaweg /

             Govannon / Gwynn ap Nudd / Mabon / Modron / Nudd

             / Odgar / Olwen / Rhiannon

REMARKS      Isbaddaden was the chieftain of the Giants in

  The Otherworld.  When Culhwch claimed the hand of his

  daughter in marriage, Isbaddaden demanded that the suitor

  must complete a number of tasks as prerequisites, because

  if she did marry, Isbaddaden himself must die.  The tasks


 1 To pledge honesty to Isbaddaden;

 2 To clear a field, burn the cuttings, plow, sow and harvest

   the crop by the next morning's dew-drops;

 3 To ensure that Amaethon son of Don be the husbandman for

   the task;

 4 To ensure that Govannon son of Don be the one to sharpen

   the plowshares;

 5 To ensure that the plow be pulled by the 2 oxen of

   Gwlwlydd Wineu;

 6 To ensure that Melyn Gwanwyn and the speckled-yoked be

   yoked together;

 7 To ensure that Ninniaw and Peibiaw of Bannog be turned

   into oxen and yoked to the same plow;

 8 To ensure that Culhwch sow 9 lots of linseed to produce

   the linen for Olwen's wedding veil;

 9 To ensure that the mead for the wedding feast be 9 times

   sweeter than the honey from the first swarm;

10 To ensure that the wedding cup for the mead be that of

   Llwyr son of Llwyrion;

11 To acquire the hamper of Gwyddneu Garanhir and ensure that

   it have enough food to feed the world 3x9 at a time;

12 To ensure that Culhwch acquire the horn of Gwlgawd of

   Gododdin to pour the mead on the wedding night;

13 To acquire the harp of Teirtu for entertainment on the

   night of the feast;

14 To ensure that the birds of Rhiannon sing to him on the

   wedding night;

15 To acquire the cauldron of Diwrnach to cook the food for

   the wedding feast, and to ensure that the food be cooked

   by the chief steward of Odgar son of Aedh, high chieftain

   of Ireland;

16 To acquire the tusk (razor) from the chief boar Ysgithwyn

   so Isbaddaden could use it to shave his beard off on the

   wedding night;

17 To find Odgar son of Aedh, high chieftain of Ireland, who

   was the only person who could take a tusk (razor) from

   Ysgithwyn while the boar was still alive;

18 To ensure that Cadw of Britain look after the tusk;

19 To acquire the blood of the black witch, daughter of the

   white witch, from the valley of grief in Hell's back

   country, so that Isbaddaden could stretch out his hairs

   in preparation for shaving them;

20 To ensure that the blood of the black witch be kept warm

   in the containers of Gwyddolwyn the dwarf;

21 To use the vessels of Rhiannon to keep the milk from

   going sour;

22 To acquire the comb (bristle) and shears (jaw) from

   between the ears of the boar Twrch Trwyth so that

   Isbaddaden could style his hair;

23 To obtain the use of Drudwyn the pup of Greid, son of Eri,

   to hunt Twrch Trwyth;

24 To obtain the leash of Cors Cant Ewin (Hundred Claws)

   which was the only leash that would hold the pup Drudwyn;

25 To obtain the collar from Canastyr Canllaw (Hundred Hands)

   which was the only collar for the leash for the pup


26 To obtain the chain of Cilydd Canastyr (Hundred-Grips)

   which was the only chain to hold the leash and the collar

   for the pup Drudwyn;

27 To find Mabon son of Modron who was the only huntsman in

   the world who could control the hound;

28 To obtain Gweddw's horse White Brown-Mane which Mabon

   would need to hunt Twrch Trwyth because it was swift as a


29 To find Eidoel, son of Aer and first cousin to Mabon, who

   was the only person who could find Mabon, who had been

   missing since the 3rd day of his birth;

30 To secure the help of Garselid the Irishman, who was

   essential to the hunt of Twrch Trwyth;

31 To ensure that the beard of Dillus (The Bearded) be

   plucked with wooden tweezers while he was alive, then be

   woven into a leash to hold the whelps of the bitch Rhymhi;

32 To secure the help of Cyledyr Wyllt, the wild great-

   grandson of Hetwn Clafyryawg the Scab, who was needed to

   control the whelps of Rhymhi;

33 To secure the help of Gwynn son of Nudd, who was needed

   for the hunt because he had the ferocity of the fiends of


34 To obtain Dubh, the black horse of Moro Oerfeddawg,

   which Gwynn needed to ride in the hunt;

35 To ensure that Gwilenhin of Gaul attend the hunt for Twrch


36 To ensure that Alun Dyfed, master of the hounds, attend

   the hunt;

37 To obtain Glythfyr Llydaweg's hounds Aned and Aethlem, who

   were essential for the hunt as they were as swift as the

   wind and had never been unleashed against an animal they


   not kill;

38 To ensure that Arthur and his huntsman help in the search

   for Twrch Trwyth and his boars, as Arthur owed homage to


39 To ensure that Bwlch, Cyfwlch and Sefwlch, sons of Cilydd

   Cyfwlch and grandsons of Cleddy Difwlch, join the hunt;

40 To take the sword from Wrnach the Giant, as he could be

   killed only by his own sword.


       Culhwch completed all the tasks and the wedding feast

  was prepared.  At the end of the feast, Isbaddaden was

  beheaded by his nephew Goreu son of Custenhin, and his head

  was mounted on top of the post in the courtyard.



NAME         Ith

EPITHET      Of The Steeds

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain / druid / explorer

TYPE         chariot warrior / astronomer

CULTURE      Goidel - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Galicia / Kerry / Donegal / Hebrides

TERRITORY    Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Atlantic Ocean

SITES        Tor Breogain (Tower of Breogan) / Corkaguiny

             (Corca Duibhne) / Raith Ailig / Tiree (land of


CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th

RELATIVES    Bregon (father); Lugaid mac Itha (son); Tea

             (granddaughter); Daire Doimthech (grandson);

             Bile, Brego, Bladh, Fuad, Murthemne, Cualgne,

             Cuala, Eibleo, Nar and Ith (brothers); Golamh

             (nephew); Brath (grandfather); Rifath Scot


ENEMIES      MacCecht

SEE ALSO     Bile / Bladh / Brath / Bregon / Cermat / Fuad /

             Golamh / Ith / MacCecht / MacCuill / MacGeine /

             Neto / Tea

REMARKS      Ith, son of Bregon, was at his father's tower

  one winter evening at A Corunna in Spain when he saw an

  island in the Atlantic.  He decided to explore the island

  and gathered together 3x50 warriors, including his brothers

  Cualnge and Fuad, and sailed to Ireland where they landed

  at Corca Duibhne (Corkaquiny) in county Kerry not long

  after the end of the second battle of Magh Tuireadh.  He

  and his warriors then travelled overland through much of

  Ireland until they reached Raith Ailig in county Donegal.

       This was in the dark half of the year and the sons of

  Cermat (MacCecht, MacCuill and MacGreine) were arguing over

  the division of the cattle and treasure belonging to the

  dead champion Neto, chieftain of Ailech.

        Because Ith was an outsider, they asked his opinion

  and the advice he gave was superior to that of the judges

  of the Danann.  Ith then made the mistake of praising Inis

  Elga (Ireland) for the quality and quantity of its honey,

  fruit, wheat, fish and the moderate temperature of its

  weather.  The sons of Cermat became suspicious that Ith

  wanted Ireland for his own people.

       When Ith and his warriors left for their ships, they

  were ambushed by the Danann while passing over Magh Itha.

  Ith was mortally wounded by MacCecht but made it to his

  ship, where he died.

       Ith's body was taken to Tir Iath (land of Ith),

  present-day Tiree, an island of the inner Hebrides.  Others

  say his body was taken back to Spain to be buried.  Ith's

  death was the cause of the Goidel invasion of Ireland and

  his son Lugaid mac Itha was part of the invasion force.

       Ith's bloodline continued through his grandchildren

  and ruled Ireland for the next 1000 years.  Mael-Sechlainn

  mac Domnaill, the last high chieftain (Ard Righ Eirinn),

  was a descendant of his.



NAME         Ith macEtgaith

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid / Gairech & Irgairech

ENEMIES      Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata

REMARKS      During the Cualnge Cattle Raid, Ith pitched his

  tent in the third position to the right of Ailill macMata.



NAME         Ithall

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / druid

TYPE         physician (leech) of the Ri Ruirech

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Imorach Smiromrach (Edge of the Marrow-Bath)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ENEMIES      Cethern

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cethern / Medbh

REMARKS      Ithall was the personal physician for Medbh and

  Ailill.  When Cethern was lying wounded in Cu Chulainn's

  camp, Ithall was the 15th leech to be brought in to inspect

  his wounds.

       He pronounced the wounds uncurable, and for his reward

  was hit on the head by Cethern and knocked senseless.  He

  was lucky because the blow that had hit each of the

  previous 14 leeches had killed them.



NAME         Iubdan

ALTERNATIVE  Iubdan {Youb'-dan}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Elfin (Fay Folk)

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    The Otherworld - Pond of the Fay (Faylinn)

SITES        Dun Rury in Ulster

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

ACCESSORIES  cauldron / harp / water shoes

RELATIVES    Bebo (wife)

ENEMIES      Fergus mac Leti

SEE ALSO     Aeda / Bebo / Eisirt / Fergus mac Leti

REMARKS      During a feast, Iubdan the head chieftain of the

  Fay Folk was boasting about the bravery of his warriors,

  the powers of his strongman and his own greatness.  His

  poet Eisirt interrupted him with a story of a people across

  the sea who were so huge that a single warrior could

  destroy a whole battalion of the Fay Folk.

       Iubdan threw Eisirt into prison and only freed him

  when he agreed to travel to the land of giants and bring

  back proof of his story.  His poet did bring home a giant

  named Aed and put a geis on Iubdan to go to the land of the

  giants and to be the first to taste the porridge of the

  chieftain of Ulster in the morning.

       Iubdan and his wife rode across the sea on their

  supernatural horse to the shores of Ulster and on to Dun

  Rury, the fortress of Fergus.  Iubdan intended to taste the

  head chieftain's porridge and get away again as soon as

  possible.  Iubdan and Bebo, his wife, rode into the kitchen

  and Iubdan could just reach the rim of the porridge

  cauldron while standing on the saddle of his horse.  As

  Iubdan climbed onto the rim, he slipped and fell into the

  porridge and that was where he was when Fergus arrived for

  his breakfast.

       Iubdan and his wife were allowed the privilege of the

  raith but were forbidden to leave.  His people tried to

  obtain his release by offering grain as a ransom.  When

  this was refused they resorted to the use of sorcery and

  made the the calves drain the milk from their mothers. They

  then cut off the hair from the people while they slept,

  polluted wells and rivers, and generally caused havoc.

  Fergus threatened to kill Iubdan if his people did not stop

  harrassing his territory and people.

       After Iubdan and Bebo were kept hostage for a year and

  a day, Fergus said he would release them in exchange for

  Iubdan's most precious treasure.  Iubdan offered Fergus his

  harp that would play by itself, a cauldron than would never

  empty or his water shoes that would allow a person to go

  over or under water as easily as walking on land.  Fergus

  chose the water shoes which would adjust to the feet of the

  person wearing them.  The exchange was made and Iubdan and

  Bebo were allowed to return home.



NAME         Iwerydd

EPITHET      Atlantic

ALTERNATIVE  Fairge / Gwerydd / Iweriadd / Iweridd / Iwerydd

             / Iwerith / Ywerit

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         goddess of the ocean

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland / Wales

REGION       Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} / Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    Gwynedd / The Otherworld - The Underworld

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Llyr (husband); Bran (son); Branwen (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Bran / Branwen / Llyr

REMARKS      Iwerydd (Atlantic) was a goddess from the

  Atlantic Ocean, from the western land of Hades, which could

  have been Ireland (Iwerddon).  Iwerydd married Llyr and

  bore him two children named Bran (Raven) and Branwen (White