Chapter 17






O - Onn (Furze) - Tree Alphabet / (─●●─) Line Ogham





NAME         Ocelos

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       goose

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         healer god

CULTURE      Bell Beaker - Silures tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Gwent

SITES        curative spring at Caerwent

AGE          Neolithic / Bronze / Iron

DATES        BC 3rd mill-BC 1st c

REMARKS      Ocelos was associated with the curative spring

  at Caerwent in southern Wales in the land of the Silures

  tribe.  The Silures were a very ancient people believed to

  be descendants of the Neolithic Bell Beaker People.



NAME         Ochall Ochne

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

CENTERS      Sidhe Cruachu

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      Danann Civil War

ENEMIES      Goidel

SEE ALSO     Bodb Dearg / Daghda / Fionnbharr / Fruich /

             Ilbhreach / Lir / Midhir / Rucht Chnint

REMARKS      Ochall Ochne was the chieftain of the Danann of

  Connacht and made his home at Sidhe Cruachu.  After the

  Goidel had conquered Ireland, the Danann became immersed in

  a civil war when Daghda appointed Bodb Dearg as head

  chieftain of the Danann.  The main chieftains involved in

  the war were Bodb Dearg, Ilbhreach, Lir, Midhir, Ochall

  Ochne and Fionnbharr.

       Ochall Ochne had a swineherd named Rucht Chnint who

  was a rival of Fruich, the swineherd of Bodb Dearg.  Ochall

  dismissed Rucht because the health of his boars suffered

  when the two herders began to squabble.



NAME         Octriallach

ALTERNATIVE  Oichtriallach / Olltriallach / Ochtriallach

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Fomorii / Fir Domnann tribe

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh) / Ardagh (Achad

             Aba) / Lough Arrow

SITES        Spring of Health / Cairn of Octriallach

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Indech (father); Omna, Goll and Irgol (half-

             brothers); Breg, Meng and Mebal (half-sisters);

             Beelzebub (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Danann / Bruidne / Casmael

SEE ALSO     Breg / Diancecht / Indech

REMARKS      During the battle of north Moytura, Octriallach

  killed the Danann druids Bruidne and Casmael.  It was also

  Octriallach who uncovered the location of Diancecht's

  Spring of Health at Achad Aba (Ardagh) between Lough Arrow

  and Magh Tuiredh.

       Octriallach led a raid against the well (Tiprait

  Slainge) and had his warriors fill the well with stones

  from the Drowes river.  The heap of stones became known as

  The Cairn of Octriallach.



NAME         Odba

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman) / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel (Milesian) - Artabri tribe

COUNTRY      Spain / Ireland

REGION       Galicia / Meath

LANDMARKS    Magh Odba

CENTERS      Brigantia (A Corunna)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 15th c

BATTLES      Sliabh Mish / Taillcenn / Druim Lighean

RELATIVES    Golamh (father); Conaing (mother); Eremon

             (husband/half-brother); Muimne, Luigne and

             Laigne (sons); Dil (sister); Donn, Airioch,

             Arannan, Eber, Amhairghin, Ir, Colptha (half-

             brothers); Bile (grandfather); Bregon (great-

             grandfather); Brego, Bladh, Fuad, Murthemne,

             Cualgne, Cuala, Eibleo, Nar and Ith (cousins)

SEE ALSO     Amhairghin / Arannan / Bile / Bladh / Bregon /

             Colptha / Donn / Eber / Eremon / Fuad / Golamh /

             Ir / Ith

REMARKS      Odba, daughter of Golamh and Conaing, married

  her half-brother Eremon.  During the invasion of Ireland,

  Eremon left her and her sons in Spain and took Tea as his

  new wife.

       Odba and her sons secured their own ship for the

  invasion.  When she died her burial site near Tara in Co.

  Meath was named Magh Odba.



NAME         Odgar

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior / son of the Ard Righ Eirinn

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      England / Wales / Ireland

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  Cauldron of Diwrnach

RELATIVES    Adoh (father)

SEE ALSO     Cadw / Culhwch / Isbaddaden / Olwen

REMARKS      Isbaddaden said that Odgar was the only person

  who could take a tusk from Ysgithwyn (Chief Boar) while he

  was still alive, but in fact the tusk was taken by Cadw.

  The tusk was needed to shave Isbaddaden, chief of the

  Giants.  The cauldron of his steward Diwrnach the Irishman

  was also needed for cooking the food of the feast for the

  wedding of Culhwch and Olwen.



NAME         Odras

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     herder

TYPE         cowherd

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

CENTERS      Buchat Buasach's Bruidhean (hostel)

RELATIVES    Odarnatan (father)

ENEMIES      Morrighan

SEE ALSO     Danu

REMARKS      Odras was the daughter of Odarnatan, keeper of

  Buchat Buasach's hostel, where she was the cowherd.  The

  Morrighan (Danu) brought a bull named Slemuin (smooth) to

  mate with the best cow in the herd.

       The Morrighan then tried to steal the cow by getting

  it to follow the bull through the Cave of Cruachan and into

  The Otherworld.  Odras chased after the Morrighan but

  somewhere in the woods of Falga, the Morrighan cast a spell

  on her, and turned Odras into a pool of water (blood).



NAME         Odysseus

ALTERNATIVE  Ulysses / Ulixes

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain / mariner

CULTURE      Achaean

COUNTRY      Spain

REGION       Andalucía


LANDMARKS    Mount Neriton

SITES        Troy (Gogmagog Hills) / Ys

CENTERS      Cadiz (Ithaca)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1240 (defeat of Troy)

BATTLES      Trojan War

ACCESSORIES  ship with oars

RELATIVES    Laertes (father); Penelope (wife); Telemachus

             (son); Circe (consort); Telegonus (son)

ENEMIES      Trojans

REMARKS      Odysseus, son of Laertes the Argonaut, was the

  head chieftain of the territory of Ithaca and led 12

  boatloads of warriors to fight as the Achaeans against the

  Trojans in the land of Troad.  When he left Ithaca to go

  and fight in the war, his son was still an infant. Odysseus

  was a hero of the Trojan War and contributed his idea of

  using the Trojan Horse, probably a catapult or battering


       The Trojan Horse helped bring about the end to the war

  and on his way home with his warriors, Odysseus stopped to

  sack the town of Ismarus (Ys).  He then had to fight the

  Cicones, who had supported the Trojans with battle-line

  spearmen during the Trojan War.  He and his crew escaped

  only because they had protected the family of the priest

  who watched over the grove of the sun god's sanctuary.

       A storm blew his fleet of ships off course and they

  became lost at sea.  Odysseus and his small fleet then

  became involved in a series of adventures when he followed

  the way of the initiate.  By following the secret code of

  the constellations of the zodiac, he was led on a series of

  adventures and visited many strange places.

       At one place they were given a fruit which had a

  euphoric effect; at another they found a floating island

  surrounded by an unbreakable bronze wall.  On one island

  they found two types of animals, one which grazed by day

  and the other by night.

       After 19 years of trials and tribulations, Odysseus

  finally arrived home.  He went immediately to talk with his

  swineherd Eumaeus, and found that his wife was being

  harassed by 12x9 suitors, who had assumed that he was dead

  and moved into the fortress in his absence.

       When his faithful wife was informed of his return, she

  implemented a plan and announced that she would marry

  whoever could bend the great bow that had belonged to her

  husband.  Odysseus entered the fortress in the disguise of

  a beggar and was the only one who succeeded in the task, at

  which point he showered his intruders with arrows and with

  the help of his son and the goddess Athena he killed them


       Odysseus was later unwittingly slain by his other son

  Telegonus, who was born of Circe whom he had impregnated

  while he was on his voyage of initiation.  Odysseus and his

  son Telemachus had gone to investigate the devastation

  caused by a ship-wrecked warrior.  Odysseus was killed

  before he or the stranger found out that they were father

  and son.



NAME         Oengus

ALTERNATIVE  Aenghus / Anghus {an'gus) / Angus / Aonghus

             {Æneesh} / Aongus (Unique Force) / Oenghus /

             Oengus {engus}

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior (young)

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland


SITES        Moda Loga / Ath da Fert (Ford of 2 Gravemounds)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)


RELATIVES    Oenlam Gabe (father)

ENEMIES      Host of Connacht

REMARKS      Oengus, the son of Oenlam Gabe (the one-handed

  smith), was a young Ulster warrior who drove the Host of

  Connacht before him from Moda Loga to Ath da Fert as he

  showered them with stones from his sling.  Connacht

  warriors finely attacked him in mass and killed him.



NAME         Oengus Olmucaid

ALTERNATIVE  Aenghus / Anghus {an'gus) / Angus / Aonghus

             {Æneesh} / Aongus (Unique Force) / Oenghus /

             Oengus {engus} / Olmucach / Olmuccaid

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg / Magh Glinde Dercdon / Magh

             nOensciath / Magh Cuili Coeil / Aelmag / Mag

             Luirg / Magh Muccrima / Magh Luachra Dedad /

             Magh Arcaill

SITES        Argatos

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1256-1238 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

BATTLES      Cluain / Cliar / Cnucha / Sliabh Cailce / Magh

             nOensciad / Glas Fraechain / Cul Ratha / Sliabh

             Cua / Airid Rigfeda

RELATIVES    Fiachu Labrainne (father); Maen (son); Eremon

             and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Eochu Mumu

SEE ALSO     Enna Airgdech / Eochu Mumu / Eremon / Fiachu

             Labrainne / Tea

REMARKS      Oengus Olmucach, son of Fiachu Labrainne, was a

  descendant of Eremon and Tea and became the 11th high

  chieftain of Ireland.  He succeeded Eochu Mumu when he

  killed him in the battle of Cluain.

       Oengus won the battles of Cliar, Cnucha, Sliabh

  Cailce, Magh nOensciad and Glas Fraechain.  He also fought

  and won 50 battles against the Cruithine (Picts), Fir Bolg

  and the Oirce.  Oengus fought 12 battles against the Toisi,

  4 battles against the Colaisi and killed Smirgoll son of

  Smethra in the battle of Raiced.  Oengus also defeated his

  enemies in the battles of Cul Ratha, Sliabh Cua and Airid


       During his reign, 3 lakes burst their banks and the

  sea flooded between Eba and Roscete.  Oengus created the 7

  (8) plains of Magh Glinde Dercdon, Magh nOensciath, Magh

  Cuili Coeil, Aelmag, Mag Luirg, Magh Muccrima, Magh Luachra

  Dedad and Magh Arcaill.

       Oengus was slain at Argatos by Enna Airgdech, son of

  Eochu Mumu, of the bloodline of Eber.



NAME         Oengus Tuirmech Temrach

EPITHET      The Reckoner

ALTERNATIVE  Aenghus / Anghus {an'gus) / Angus / Aonghus

             {Æneesh} / Aongus (Unique Force) / Oenghus /

             Oengus {engus} / Oengus Turbech

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Ard Righ Eirinn

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Meath

TERRITORY    Connacht / Leinster / Mide / Munster / Ulster

LANDMARKS    Magh mBreg

CENTERS      Raith Rig - Tara

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 4th c / BC 394-334 (Ard Righ - Kings List)

RELATIVES    Eochu Ailtlethan (father); Enna Airgnech (son);

             Fiacha Fer Mara (son/grandson); Eterscel

             (brother); Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Eremon / Tea

REMARKS      Oengus Tuirmech Temrach, son of Eochu

  Ailtlethan, was a descendant of Eremon and Tea and a high

  chieftain of Ireland.  Poets claim he was the first Goidel

  to make reckonings and was therefore called The Reckoner.

       Oengus sired a son called Enna Airgnech who was the

  ancestor of Conn Cet-cathach.  Enna Airgnech killed Nia

  Segamain and ruled Ireland as high chieftain for 28 years.

       Oengus also sired another son, by his daughter, who

  was taken to Dun Aignech and put into a boat of 1 hide then

  sent to sea dressed in the purple and golden robe of a high

  chieftain.  The baby was found by fisher-folk at Traig

  Brenainn and he was named Fiacha Fer-mara.  From his

  descendants came the Clanna Erainn, Albanaig and the Dal


       Oengus Tuirmech Temrach was the high chieftain of

  Ireland for 60 years until he died at Tara.  He was

  followed by Conall Collamrach as the high chieftain.



NAME         Oghma

EPITHET      Son of Knowledge / Of the Honey-mouth / Of the

             Sun-like Countenance (Grianainech) / Of the

             Smiling Face (Grian Aineach)

ALTERNATIVE  Oghma {Og'mu} / Ogma mac Ethlenn / Oghmae mac

             Ethlend / Oghmae Ealauthen / Oghmai mac Etnae /

             Oghmau / Ogma / Ogmae mac Etnae / Ogmai

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       oak club / sun symbol for a head

FESTIVAL     summer solstice

CATEGORY     deity / hero / warrior / poet

TYPE         god of knowledge/eloquence/literature/poetry/war

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Sligo / California / Navada

TERRITORY    Connacht

LANDMARKS    Plain of Towers (Magh Tuireadh)

SITES        Land of the Living (Tir na mBeo)

CENTERS      Sidhe Airceltrai

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)



RELATIVES    Eladu (father); Etain (mother/consort); Delbaeth

             (son); Bress, Daghda, Elloth, Bress and Delbaed

             (half-brothers); Net (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Indech

SEE ALSO     Bress / Daghda / Delbaeth / Domnu / Eladu /

             Etain / Indech / Net

REMARKS      Oghma, son of Eladu and Etain, was a descendant

  of Net.  His epithet, the Son of Knowledge, referred to his

  father being Eladu (fir), the tree of knowledge.  Oghma was

  accredited with inventing ogham as a form of writing.  He

  was a champion warrior and carried a club of oak, which

  indicates a status of supernatural hero.

       During the battle of north Moytura, Oghma was killed

  by Indech son of Domnu.  Oghma's home was Sidhe Airceltrai

  and after his death he became known as the god of poetry

  and eloquence and as the one who led the souls of the dead

  to Tir na mBeo (Land of the Living) in The Otherworld.

       There are two pictographs in America, one in

  California and the other in Nevada, depicting a human with

  a sun symbol for a head.  It is believed by some to be




NAME         Ogmios

EPITHET      The Strong Man / The Walker

ALTERNATIVE  Ogmia / Hercules

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / poet

TYPE         sun god / god of eloquence / teacher

COUNTRY      France / England / Wales


SITES        Richmond

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 2nd c

ACCESSORIES  whip / golden and amber chains

REMARKS      In France, Ogmios was described by the Greek

  writer Lucian in AD 2nd century as being a strong ancient

  bald man who was dressed in the skin of a lynx and leading

  a willing group of students with golden and amber chains

  that attached their ears to his tongue.  Ogmios represented

  strength in his eloquence which is attained only in old


       A clay tablet with the name Ogmia inscribed on it was

  found at Richmond, England.  The image was that of a man

  with long curly hair.  He had sun rays around his head and

  he was holding a whip in his hand.



NAME         Ogyruan

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         god of the bards

CULTURE      Briton

COUNTRY      Wales / England

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Gwenhyvar (daughter)

SEE ALSO     Gwenhyvar

REMARKS      Ogyruan was considered to be a deity of the

  bards and was the father of Gwenhyvar.



NAME         Oisin

EPITHET      Little Deer

ALTERNATIVE  Oisian / Oisin {ush-een, essheen} / Oissen /

             Oissene / Oss (fawn) / Ossian

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       deer

CATEGORY     deity / hero / warrior / filidh

TYPE         god of youth / battle-line / historical poet

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish / Fomorii / Fianna -

             Clanna Ui Tarsigh

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Dublin / Antrim

TERRITORY    Leinster / The Otherworld - Land of Youth

             (Tir na nOg)

LANDMARKS    Loch Lein / Alvin Hills / Dodder

SITES        Allen Hill / Well of Uisneach / Glenasmole /

             Cairn of Ben Edar (Howth) / Ossian's Grave

CENTERS      Raith Almu (Fort of Almain)

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3rd c

ACCESSORIES  beauty spot / diadem of the god of youth

RELATIVES    Fionn (father); Sadb (mother); Eibhir (wife);

             Finn and Oscar (sons); Plur na mBan (daughter);

             Samhair and Cebha (half-sisters); Aedh,

             Ailbhinn, Cairell, Daire, Fergus Finnbheoil,

             Raighne (half-brothers)

ENEMIES      Fovor

SEE ALSO     Aideen / Ailbhinn / Cailte / Cairell / Cebha /

             Daire / Eibhir / Fergus Finnbheoil / Fionn mac

             Cumhaill / Fovor / Oisin / Oscar / Sadb /


REMARKS      Oisin was a son of Fionn mac Cumhaill and a

  descendant of Eber of the Milesian (Goidel).  He was raised

  by his mother in the forest because she had been changed

  into a deer by the filidh Fer Doirich.  While in that form

  she would lick Oisin's forehead and he developed a tuft of

  hair that was known as his beauty spot.  When his father

  found him on Ben Bulban he was 7 years old, naked and with

  a head of long hair.  Fionn named him little deer (Oisin)

  and when the boy learned to speak he told the story of how

  he was raised in the wild.  As Oisin grew, he became a

  member of the Fianna and was respected as a warrior, hunter

  and a poet.

       One day while Oisin was hunting near Loch Lein, a

  beautiful young maiden came riding into the midst of the

  Fianna on a white steed.  She claimed that she was Splendor

  of the Golden Hair and her name was Eibhir.  She had heard

  stories of Oisin's valor, excellence of body and quickness

  of mind and wanted to take him back to the Land of Youth

  (Tir na nOg) in The Otherworld.  Oisin was won over by her

  beauty, charm, and promises of wealth and long life.  He

  jumped on the horse with her and rode west across the sea.

       On the way he saw many wondrous things: a white hound

  with red ears chasing a hornless doe, a young maiden

  holding a golden apple and riding a brown horse across the

  waves followed by a young man on a white steed and dressed

  in red and purple satin.  Oisin and Eibhir then passed a

  raith where the daughter of the head chieftain of the Land

  of the Living was being held captive by a giant named

  Fovor.  Oisin volunteered to be her champion and fought the

  giant on her behalf for 3 nights and days before he finally

  managed to kill him.

       Oisin and Eibhir then continued on their way to the

  Land of Youth where they were married.  During his time

  there, they had 3 children: Finn, Oscar and Plur na mBan

  (Flower of Maids).

       As time passed, Oisin longed to see Fionn, Oscar and

  the rest of the Fianna and told Eibhir he would make a

  visit to see them.  Eibhir warned him 3 times not to alight

  from his horse and set foot on the soil of Ireland or he

  would die because he had been away longer than he realized.

       Oisin rode the white steed back to Ireland, where he

  saw the Alvin hills of Leinster but the raith had fallen

  and was covered with weeds and nettles.  Travelling on, he

  met a gathering of people in Glenasmole and he could not

  help noticing that they were of a puny nature.  Because of

  his large stature they asked his help in moving a large


       Oisin leaned from his horse to push the standing stone

  but the girth of his saddle broke and he fell to the

  ground.  He began to age rapidly, wrinkling and withering

  right before the people who were gathered around.

       The people sent for Patrick, a man of the new Roman

  religion.  He fed and cared for Oisin as he died and Oisin

  told him stories of the greatness of the Fianna and their

  deeds of valor.

       One day when Oisin was with Patrick and his companions

  at the pillar-stone of Uisneach, Oisin went to look for

  water.  He walked backwards so that he would know if anyone

  was following him and soon he came to the white-rimmed well

  of Uisneach.  In the well he found 8 salmon and with these

  and 8 sprigs of watercress and brooklime he made a feast.

       Patrick told him that Fionn and the Fianna were in

  hell and that if he became a Christian he would be saved.

  Oisin replied that if Patrick's god was real and as

  powerful as he claimed, he would rescue the heroes of the

  Fianna himself.  He told Patrick he preferred to die as he

  had lived, knowing he would be with his friends in the


       Oisin died in the Glen of the Thrushes (Glenasmole or

  Gleann na Smol), a valley close to Tallaght Dublin where

  the Dodder rises.   He was said to have been buried under

  the cairn of Ben Edar (Howth) with Aideen, his daughter-in-

  law.  Another story says that he was buried in Antrim at a

  site known as Ossian's Grave.



NAME         Olc Siche


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         artificer / blacksmith / wizard

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Iron

DATES        AD 3nd c

RELATIVES    Achtan (daughter); Cormac (grandson)

SEE ALSO     Achtan / Art Aenfer / Cormac mac Airt

REMARKS      Olc realized his good fortune when Art Aenfer

  stopped over at his smithy on his way to battle.  He told

  his daughter Achtan to sleep with Art because it had been

  divined that a special birth would be the result.

       His daughter gave birth to a baby boy who was to

  become known as Cormac mac Airt.  Olc gave the boy five

  protecting gessa against wounding, drowning and every ill.



NAME         Oll and Othine

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warriors

TYPE         bodyguards for Ailill and Medbh

CULTURE      Goidel

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Roscommon

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Imorach Smiromrach (Edge of the Marrow Bath)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid

ENEMIES      Cethern / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cethern macFintain / Medbh

REMARKS      Oll and Othine were the personal bodyguards for

  Ailill and Medbh.  During the cattle raid into Ulster the

  two were described as having bushy-hair, blue cloaks held

  together by silver fibulas and silver torcs around their

  necks.  They both carried long shields with silver chains

  on them and a band of silver around them.  They each

  carried a 5-pointed spear decorated with a vein of silver.

       Connacht lived by the pulse of the moon goddess and

  Oll and Othine show their association by the emphasis on

  silver and the number 5.  When Cethern attacked, they

  caused the 3rd wound when they made 2 cuts.



NAME         Olloman

EPITHET      Ollamh (Master Poet)

ALTERNATIVE  Ollam / Ollum

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     Ollamh

TYPE         master poet

CULTURE      Danann

COUNTRY      Ireland

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 16th-15th c

BATTLES      second battle of Magh Tuireadh (north Moytura)

RELATIVES    Ernmas (mother); Delbaeth (father); Ai (son);

             Macha, Danu, Badbh and Elcmar (sisters); Fiachu

             and Indui (brothers); Brénos, Iuchar, Iucharba,

             Glonn, Gnim and Coscar and (half-brothers); Neto

             and Corpre Crom (half-brother/nephew); Eire,

             Fodhla and Banbha (half-sisters/nieces); Fea and

             Nemhain (nieces); Oghma and Etarlam

             (grandfathers); Magog, Iarbonel, Ordan and Net


ENEMIES      Caicher

SEE ALSO     Ai mac Ollamain / Badbh Catha / Banbha / Brénos

             / Bress / Danu / Delbaeth / Eire / Elcmar /

             Ernmas / Fea / Fiachu / Fodhla / Iarbonel /

             Indui / Macha / Maga / Magog / Nemhain / Net /

             Neto / Oghma / Ordan

REMARKS      Olloman was the son of Delbaeth and Ernmas and a

  descendant of Net and Ordan.  Olloman and his father were

  killed by Caicher, son of Namadach.



NAME         Olwen

EPITHET      White Track

ALTERNATIVE  Ola / Olgen / Olwedd / Olwen / Owain

GENDER       F

SYMBOL       Trefoils / Venus

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman) / guard

TYPE         guardian of the apple orchards of Myrddin

CULTURE      Briton

COUNTRY      Wales

TERRITORY    The Otherworld

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

RELATIVES    Isbaddaden (father); Culhwch (husband)

SEE ALSO     Culhwch / Myrddin Wyllt / Isbaddaden

REMARKS      Olwen was in the habit of going to the herders'

  house to wash her hair.  She was described as having hair

  that was more golden that the flowers of the broom.  Her

  skin was whiter than the foam of a wave and the palms of

  her hands and her fingers were whiter than a blooming

  trefoil in spring.  Her breasts were whiter than that of a

  swan and her cheeks were redder than fox-glove.

       Olwen wore a reddish gold torc studded with precious

  stones and gems and a silk cloak of flaming red.  Her eyes

  were as bright as any hawk or falcon and 4 trefoils

  (clover) would appear in each of her tracks.

       When Culhwch approached her with a proposal of

  marriage she warned him that her father would make many

  demands that were impossible to keep but that he should

  agree to do whatever he asked.



NAME         On-niona

ALTERNATIVE  Onn Nion (Furze Ash)

GENDER       F

FESTIVAL     spring equinox

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         fertility goddesses

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

SITES        ash-groves

REMARKS      On-niona was associated with ash groves and was

  venerated during the spring equinox at the end of ash

  month.  Her name refers to the trees Onn and Nion which

  give the letters O and N to the Celtic tree alphabet.



NAME         Ordan


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

CULTURE      Danann

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 17th c

RELATIVES    Aldui (father); Cait Conaitchend and Etarlam

             (sons); Echtach (grandson); Ernmas

             (granddaughter); Edlco (brother); Net (cousin);

             Magog and Iarbonel (ancestors)

SEE ALSO     Edlco / Ernmas / Magog / Net / Iarbonel

REMARKS      Ordan, son of Aldui, was a descendant of the

  Nemedian soothsayer, Iarbonel.  Ordan and Net were the two

  progenitors of one of the most important branches of the

  family tree Danann.  Like his cousin Net he most likely

  never left the Hebrides.



NAME         Orgetorix

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Brenin

TYPE         head chieftain

CULTURE      Gallic - Helvetii tribe

COUNTRY      Switzerland


AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 1st c / BC 58 ca.

ENEMIES      Caesar

SEE ALSO     Casticos / Dumnorix

REMARKS      Orgetorix wanted the combined forces of the Ædui

  under Dumnorix, the Sequani under Casticos, and the

  Helvetii to take two years for preparation and on the third

  year move the three tribes to better lands.  However, some

  of the chieftains of the Helvetii did not want to leave and

  arguments broke out.

       The council of chieftains of the Helvetii put

  Orgetorix on trial and he arrived with his complete

  household of 10,000 people as well as all his dependents

  and debtors.  He was acquitted but soon ended up dead

  either by suicide or murder.



NAME         Orlam

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         chariot warrior

CULTURE      Goidel / Gailioin

COUNTRY      Ireland

TERRITORY    Connacht

SITES        Disert Lochaid (Lochat's hermitage) / Tamlacht

             Orlaim (Orlam's grave)

CENTERS      Raith Cruachain (Rathcroghan)

AGE          Irone

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Cualnge Cattle Raid (died)

ACCESSORIES  Fertedil was his charioteer

RELATIVES    Ailill (father); Medbh (mother); Andoe,

             Athramail, Gaib Uile, Mathramail, Milscothach,

             Mingor and Morgor (brothers); Finnabair and Sadb

             Sulbair (sisters); Furbaide (half-brother);

             Eremon and Tea (ancestors)

ENEMIES      Cu Chulainn / Cualnge / Pictland / Ulster

SEE ALSO     Ailill macMata / Cu Chulainn / Eochaidh

             Feidhleach / Eremon / Fertedil / Finnabair /

             Furbaide / Mane / Medbh / Tea

REMARKS      Orlam was a son of Medbh who was a daughter of

  Eochaidh Feidhleach and a descendant of Eremon and Tea of

  the Milesians.  During the Cualgne cattle raid Orlam

  suffered the bad luck of a broken axle on his chariot.

       Orlan decided to rest by a pillar stone while,

  Fertedil, his charioteer cut a new axle from a tree.  Out

  of nowhere came Cu Chulainn, challenged him to combat and

  cut off his head.  His grave site became known as Tamlacht

  Orlaim (Orlam's grave).



NAME         Ortiagon

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Galatian - Tolistoboii tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey

LANDMARKS    Sakary (Sangarios) river

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd c

RELATIVES    Chiomara (wife)

SEE ALSO     Chiomara

REMARKS      Ortiagon was a charismatic warrior chieftain who

  was respected for his fairness.  He was well educated and

  proved to be an excellent diplomat and statesman.



NAME         Osbrit Longhand

GENDER       M

FESTIVAL     Samhain (Night of the Dead)

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         son of a chieftain

CULTURE      Pictish ?

COUNTRY      Ireland

REGION       Dublin


LANDMARKS    Magh Liffey

SITES        Da Derga's Hostel

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  broad spear / curved shield

RELATIVES    Lindas and Oswald (foster-brothers)

ENEMIES      Ingcel / sons of Donn Desa

SEE ALSO     Conaire / Da Derga / Donn Desa / Ingcel

REMARKS      Osbrit and his two foster-brothers Lindas and

  Oswald fought to protect Conaire the high chieftain of

  Ireland when Ingcel and the sons of Donn Desa attacked him

  at Da Derga's hostel on Magh Liffey.

       The 3 foster-brothers were all sons of chieftains from

  Britain and were described as having yellow manes of hair

  and wearing medium short frocks of linen with purple plaids

  over them.  They carried broad spears and red curved




NAME         Oscar

EPITHET      The Bent One of Bones (Crom nan Cnaimh) / High

             Brown Hair of Albainn

ALTERNATIVE  Os (deer) / Car (lover)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       club / flag - Squab Ghabhaidh (The Terrible


CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Rigfeinnid

TYPE         champion / battle-line / head chieftain

CULTURE      Danann / Goidel / Pictish / Fomorii / Fianna -

             Clanna Baoisgne {Bascna}

COUNTRY      Ireland / Scotland

REGION       Dublin

TERRITORY    The Othereworld / Munster

LANDMARKS    Gabhra Aicle (tributary of the Boyne)

SITES        Skrene hill near Garrisontown

AGE          Iron (late)

DATES        AD 3rd c / AD 268 (died)

BATTLES      Cnoc-an-aire / Gabhra (Gowra) {Gav-ra}

ACCESSORIES  club / blue spear of 9 enchantments (Ogham

             charms on shaft)

RELATIVES    Oisin (father); Eibhir (mother); Aideen (wife);

             Plur na mBan (sister); Finn (brother); Fionn

             (grandfather); Cumhal (great-grandfather); Murna

             (great-grandmother); Diarmaid (cousin)

ENEMIES      Meargach / Cairbre

SEE ALSO     Aideen / Badbh Catha / Cairbre Lifechair /

             Cumhal / Diarmaid ua Duibhne / Eibhir / Fionn

             mac Cumhaill / Goll / Grainne / Meargach / Murna

             / Oisin

REMARKS      Oscar, son of Oisin, son of Fionn, was a

  descendant of Eber of the Milesian (Goidel).  Oscar was the

  second son of Oisin and Eibhir so he left The Otherworld to

  join his grandfather and the Fianna.

       As a youth, Oscar was so awkward he was called Crom

  nan Cnamh (The Bent One of Bones).  Then one day when he

  saw some of his friends losing a battle, he went into a

  frenzy and killed two enemy chieftains and a friend with a

  club from a tree.  After that battle he was respected as a

  warrior and feared for his battle frenzy.

       In time, Oscar became the chieftain of the Munster

  Fianna, which was the Fianna of his great-grandfather

  Cumhal.  His flag was Squab Ghabhaidh (The Terrible Broom)

  which symbolized his habit of sweeping his enemy aside.  In

  the battle of Cnoc-an-aire, Oscar killed Meargach, which

  brought about trouble from his wife.

       During the years that Fionn spent chasing Diarmaid,

  Oscar refused to help.  Once on the chase Oscar was playing

  taileasg with Goll under a rowan tree where Diarmaid and

  Grainne were hiding in the upper branches.  Diarmaid, who

  was a better player than Oscar, dropped berries onto the

  places where Oscar was to move.  This was how Oscar beat

  Goll at taileasg and kept him from finding Diarmaid and

  Grainne.  Oscar threatened Fionn when he would not bring

  the wounded Diarmaid his lifesaving water.

       During Oscar's time as head chieftain of the Fianna

  (Rigfeinnid), Goll was killed and Cairbre became the new

  high chieftain of Ireland.  Cairbre, unlike his father, did

  not like the influence of the Fianna and plotted ways to

  end them.  He married his daughter to a chieftain of the

  Desi and refused to pay the Fianna their traditional tax of

  her weight in gold.  This led to the Battle of Gabhra on

  the hill Skrene, by the stream Gabhra Aicle near Tara, in

  the year AD 268.

       On his way to battle with his 300 champions, Oscar

  came upon the washer-woman (Babdh) washing the clothes of

  those to die.  He asked for a prophecy of the battle to

  come, and she replied that the Fianna would slay 900 of the

  enemy, including the king, but that the prime champion of

  the Fianna would be slain.

       Before the battle, Cairbre proposed that Oscar and he

  exchange spear-shafts, knowing that Oscar had a

  supernatural shaft.  Oscar said that he would agree only if

  they would also exchange spear-heads, knowing that Cairbre

  had an enchanted spear-head.  The exchange of spears became

  real when they thrust at each other in single combat during

  the following battle.

       Oscar died from the wounds he received, and was

  carried from the battlefield on a bier made of spears, his

  body covered by his flag.  Fionn arrived in a ship from the

  Land of the Living and wept over his grandson.  The battle

  brought about the end of the Fianna as an influence in




NAME         Osla Cyllellfawr

EPITHET      Big-Knife

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior

TYPE         horse warrior

CULTURE      Cymry (tribes that fight side by side)

COUNTRY      Wales / England / Ireland

REGION       Gwent

LANDMARKS    River Usk / Severn river

CENTERS      Kaerusk (Caerleon-on-Usk)

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 6th c

ACCESSORIES  Bronllafn (short wide sword)

SEE ALSO     Arthur

REMARKS      Osla Cyllellfawr was a warrior of Arthur's from

  his camp at Kaerusk and was noted for his huge knife

  (Bronllafn) that he carried.  He once laid his sword in the

  scabbard across the narrowest points of a river and the

  warriors crossed over on it.

       Osla drowned while chasing the wild Irish boar Twrch

  Trwyth son of Taredd Wledig.  While fording the Severn

  river, his great knife fell out of the scabbard and the

  scabbard filled up with water, hauling him under.