Chapter 18






P - Peith (Guelder Rose) - Tree Alphabet / (─┼┼┼─) Line Ogham





NAME         Paris

EPITHET      The Protected

ALTERNATIVE  Parigii / Alexander

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / chieftain

TYPE         chariot warrior / connoisseur of beauty

CULTURE      Trojan / Goidel - Parisii tribe

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Cambridgeshire


LANDMARKS    Wash / Mount Ida

CENTERS      Troy (Gogmagog Hills)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1240 (defeat of Troy)

BATTLES      Trojan War

RELATIVES    Priam (father); Hecuba (mother); Hector and

             Helenus (brothers); Oenone (wife); Helen


ENEMIES      Achaean / Danann

SEE ALSO     Athena / Aphrodite / Eris / Hera / Hector / Hera

             / Helen / Menelaus / Priam

REMARKS      When Paris was born, the filidh warned that he

  would cause damage to Troy, so he was fostered to the high

  chieftain's cowherd on Mount Ida.  There he grew up with

  the local cattle herders and married the maiden Oenone. One

  day, Paris was asked by the gods to judge a beauty contest

  between the 3 goddesses Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. The

  contest was a result of the action by Eris, goddess of

  strife.  She was angry about not being invited to a banquet

  and had thrown a golden apple into the feast with the

  inscription "To the Fairest".

       All 3 goddesses tried to bribe Paris: Hera offered

  power and riches, Athena offered wisdom and Aphrodite

  offered him the love of the most beautiful woman in the

  world.  Paris pronounced Aphrodite the most beautiful.

       Not long after the contest, Paris discovered his true

  identity.  With his link with the ruling family now

  ascertained, he left his wife and went off to visit

  Menelaus, the head chieftain of Lacedaemon.  As Helen, the

  wife of Menelaus, was the most beautiful woman in the

  world, Aphrodite caused her to fall in love with the

  handsome Paris and when Menelaus was away in Crete, Paris

  abducted her and returned to Troy.  This triggered an

  invasion of Troy by the allies (Achaeans) of Menelaus.

       Paris proposed that if he fought a duel with Menelaus

  it could end the war.  The winner would keep Helen and all

  her possessions (i.e. the strategically-placed gateway to

  the silver mines of Lacedaemon and the Mediterranean).

  However, Paris was lacking in warrior skills and had to be

  rescued by Aphrodite, who caused him to disappear in a

  cloud during the duel.  Even after this obvious loss of the

  combat, the Trojans refused to honor their agreement so the

  Achaeans escalated their hostilities.

       During the war, Paris was wounded by a poisoned arrow

  and finally returned home to his wife, Oenone daughter of

  the river deity Cebrenus.  She refused to heal him, so he

  returned once more to Troy, where he died.




NAME         Partholon

ALTERNATIVE  Bartholome / Parrtholoin / Parrtholon /

             Parthalon / Partholon {pahr-thol'-lun}

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       1 eye

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     deity / warrior / druid / Ri Ruirech

TYPE         god of agriculture / master of every art / head


CULTURE      Partholean tribe

COUNTRY      Turkey / Ireland

TERRITORY    Phrygia / Munster

LANDMARKS    Black Sea / Magh Sen nElta (Old Plain of Flocks)

SITES        Da Econd (Two Fools) / Inber Scene / Slemna

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 19th c

BATTLES      Magh Ibha

RELATIVES    Sera (father); Dealgnaid (wife); Senboth,

             Laighlinne, Slainge, Rudraidhe, Eber, Er, Orba,

             Ferann and Fergna (sons); Aidne, Aife, Aine,

             Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas, Grennach,

             Ablach and Gribendach (daughters); Becsomus and

             Tat (brothers); Nemhedh and Tuan (great-

             grandnephews); Magog (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Fomorii / Cichol Grichenchos

SEE ALSO     Cichol Grichenchos / Ciocba / Dealgnaid / Eber /

             Fis / Fochmart / Laighlinne / Magog / Nemhedh /

             Rudraidhe / Senboth / Slainge / Tath / Tuan mac


REMARKS      Partholon son of Sera was a descendant of Magog

  son of Iafeth.  Partholon's father, Sera, was the ruler of

  Phrygia, a territory in modern-day Turkey.

       Partholon and his followers attempted a coup but it

  failed and he lost an eye in combat with his father.  After

  7 years in exile, Partholon returned with a shipload of

  mercenaries and "burnt a house over his mother and father".

  He then made his older brother Becsomus the new ruler of


       Partholon then left his homeland and led his people in

  search of new lands.  Their boats (barks) carried 1000

  people including his wife Dealgnaid; 3 sons and chieftains

  Laighlinne, Slainge and Rudraidhe plus their wives Iafe,

  Ciocba and Nerbgene; 10 daughters Aidne, Aife, Aine,

  Fochain, Muchos, Melepard, Glas, Grennach, Ablach and

  Gribendach and their husbands Brea, Bronnad, Ban, Carthenn,

  Ecnach, Athcosan, Luchraid, Lugaid, Ligair and Greber.

       Partholon's voyage from Phrygia to Ireland was

  approximately 2½  month in duration and they landed on the

  14th (16th/17th) day of the moon in the modern month of May

  at the Da Econd (Two Fools) river.  Another version of the

  story said they made landfall 286 years after the Deluge at

  Inber Scene (mouth of the Shannon) in Munster on the eve of


       Among Partholon's followers were his chief attendant

  Ith; his steward Beoil; his 3 druii Tath (Consolidation),

  Fis (Knowledge) and Fochmare (Enguiry); his poet (Saith)

  and leech (Barcorp Ladra); his 3 champions Milchu, Meran

  and Muinechan; his advisor and son Senboth; his 7 farmers

  Tothacht, Imus, Aitechbel, Cuil, Dorcha, Dam and Toba

  (Tarba/Topa/Todhga); his tail-ploughman (Rimead) and head

  ploughman (Tairrle); his coulter (Fetain) and share

  (Fodbach); and most important his 4 oxen Lee, Leemag,

  Imaire and Etirge.

       After their 10th year in Ireland the Partholeans

  fought the battle of Magh Ibha at Slemna against the

  Fomorii, who were led by Cichol Grichenchos.  The first

  week was a battle of magic which went against the Fomorii.

  Next came a battle of solid weapons in which the

  Partholeans were again the victors.

       Partholon was hit by a poison dart and died of those

  wounds 19 years later.  He was buried on Magh Sen nElta

  (Old Plain of Flocks).  The plain was so named because

  nothing would grow on it, so flocks of birds enjoyed

  sunning themselves there.

       After Partholon's death, 4 of his sons made the first

  division of Ireland.  Er the eldest ruled a province from

  Ailech Neit to Ath Cliath of Laigen.  Orba ruled a province

  from Ath Cliath of Laigen to the island of Ard Nemed.

  Feron's territory was from Ard Nemed to Ath Cliath and

  Fergna's province was from Long Medraige to Aileech Neit.



NAME         Penarddun

EPITHET      Head of the House

ALTERNATIVE  Penarddun {pen-ath'-un}

GENDER       F

CATEGORY     rigbean (noble woman)

TYPE         Sovereign (Penarglwyddiaeth / Penaduriaeth)

CULTURE      Belgae - Catuvellauni tribe

COUNTRY      England / Wales

REGION       Hertfordshire / Essex / Gwynedd {Gwin-eth} /

             Clwyd {clud}

TERRITORY    Gaul / Belgica / Lloegr / Gwynedd

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

RELATIVES    Digueillus (father); Mynogan (mother); Beli

             (brother); Llyr (1st husband); Manawyddan

             (son); Euroswydd (2nd husband); Nissyen and

             Evnissyen (sons); Lludd, Cassubellaunos,

             Llevelys, Nynniaw (nephews); Capoir


SEE ALSO     Beli Mawr / Cassubellaunos / Euroswydd /

             Evnissyen / Llevelys / Lludd / Llyr / Manawyddan

             / Nissyen / Nynniaw

REMARKS      Penarddun was the supreme head of house of Beli

  Mawr (progenitor).  They were the Catuvellauni tribe of the

  Belgae culture who migrated from Gaul to Lloegr (England)

  and settled in present-day Hertfordshire and Essex.

  Penarddun married Llyr and was mother to Manawyddan.  The

  marriage helped tie the two cultures of the Belgae and the

  Goidel of Lloegr together.  Penarddun then married

  Euroswydd and bore his two children Nissyen and Evnissyen.

  This forged a link with the Danann and the gold channel

  from Ireland to Britain and Gaul.



NAME         Plennydd

EPITHET      The Beam of the Radiant One (Tes ys Plennydd)


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity / druid

TYPE         sun god / astronomer

CULTURE      Pictish / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr


SITES        Ynys Prydain (Island of the Pretani)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6thc / BC 550 ca.

SEE ALSO     Prydain

REMARKS      Plennydd was a druid who followed Prydain when

  he led the La Tène A Pict of Gaul from from Llydaw

  (Brittany) to Cornwall in Lloegr (England).  On this island

  of the Pretani (Ynys Prydain) Plennydd founded a druidic

  center and it was there that the seasons were regulated.



NAME         Poeninos


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         mountain god / sky god

CULTURE      Gallic - Veragri tribe

COUNTRY      Switzerland


LANDMARKS    Pennine Alps

SITES        Great St Bernard Pass

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 9th-1st c

REMARKS      The Celtic sky god Poeninos was associated with

  the mountains of the St Bernard Pass.  The pass was

  situated in the territory of the Veragri tribe who settled

  there sometime after BC 9th century and were still there

  when Caesar realized the strategic value of the pass in BC

  1st century.



NAME         Porrex

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Goidel / Hallstatt

COUNTRY      England / Wales / Scotland

TERRITORY    Lloegr / Cambria / Albainn

CENTERS      Caer Troia (Town of Troy) present-day Ilford

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c

RELATIVES    Gorboduc (father); Judson (mother); Ferrex


ENEMIES      Ferrex / Prydain

SEE ALSO     Prydain

REMARKS      When Gorboduc the high chieftain of Britain was

  growing old, Porrex plotted to murder his brother.  Ferrex

  heard of the plot and escaped to the continent where he

  raised an army of warriors.  He sailed back to Britain but

  was killed in the battle that followed.

       Porrex's mother had always favored Ferrex and sought

  revenge by hacking Porrex to pieces while he slept.  After

  his death, Britain was thrown into chaos with civil wars

  among the tribes until the coming of Prydain to Cornwall

  with his Pictish warriors of the La Tène A period.



NAME         Poseidon

EPITHET      Earth-Shaker

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     deity

TYPE         sea god

CULTURE      Achaean


AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1240 (defeat of Troy)

BATTLES      Trojan War

ACCESSORIES  chariot and golden-maned horses / trident

RELATIVES    Cronos (father); Rhea (mother); Tyro (wife);

             Neleus and Nestor (sons); Amphitrite (wife);

             Triton (son); Thoosa (wife); Polyphemus (son);

             Zeus, Dis (brothers); Hera and Demeter

             (sisters); Galatea and Thetis (sisters-in-law);

             Achilles (nephew); Ouranos (grandfather); Gaia


ENEMIES      Troy

SEE ALSO     Achilles / Dis / Galatea / Hera / Nestor / Zeus

REMARKS      When the universe was divided up between Zeus,

  Dis and Poseidon, Poseidon was allotted the sea.  He was

  not happy with his allotment and fought Zeus over it, but

  lost.  As punishment for not accepting his fate he was made

  to work for the chieftain of Troy, Laomedon, for whom he

  built the fortress walls.  Laomedon did not reward Poseidon

  as he had promised, so Poseidon sent a sea-monster which

  destroyed the countryside and periodically demanded the

  sacrifice of a maiden until it was killed by Heracles

  (Belenos).  Poseidon supported the Achaeans during the

  Trojan War.

       Poseidon was portrayed as having a sea-going chariot

  drawn by golden-maned horses with brazen hooves.  He

  carried a trident and lived in a raith at the bottom of the

  sea.  He was considered responsible for storms and

  earthquakes.  Poseidon's son Polyphemus was the cyclops

  ("round-eyed") who had only one eye.



NAME         Priam

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     warrior / Rix

TYPE         chariot warrrior / high chieftain

CULTURE      Trojan / Goidel

COUNTRY      England

REGION       Cambridshire



CENTERS      Troy (Gogmagog Hills)

AGE          Bronze

DATES        BC 13th c / BC 1240 (defeat of Troy)

BATTLES      Trojan War

RELATIVES    Laomedon (father); Hecuba (wife); Hector, Paris,

             Troilus, Deiphobus and Helenus (sons); Polyxena

             and Cassandra (daughters); Dardanus (ancestor)

ENEMIES      Achaean / Danann

SEE ALSO     Achilles / Belenos / Hector / Odysseus / Paris /

REMARKS      Priam was the high chieftain of Troad during the

  time of the Trojan War.  The alternate name Dardanians came

  from his ancestor Dardanos, high chieftain of Troad.  As

  high chieftain, Priam supported 50 foster-sons and 50

  foster-daughters.  His father Laomedon had held that

  position before him and incurred the vengeance of Poseidon

  and then Heracles by failing to deliver promised rewards.

  Priam was the only one of his father's sons to survive

  Heracles's (Belenos's) wrath.  His filidh had warned him

  about Paris's future actions causing trouble for Troy, so

  he sent him into seclusion when he was an infant.

       Priam was already an elderly man when the actions of

  his son Paris triggered the invasion of his land by the

  Achaeans.  He had many warriors and 3000 horses at his

  disposal, but the invaders were also great in number and

  well-equipped.  Finally after 10 years, the Trojans were

  able to gain ground when the chief combat warrior of their

  enemy, Achilles, withdrew from battle.

       His defeat occurred when his son Hector killed

  Patroclus, a chieftain and best friend of Achilles.

  Achilles then went into a warrior's frenzy and much to his

  horror, Priam watched as his unarmed son Hector was

  slaughtered by Achilles, dragged off to the enemy camp and

  left for the dogs.

       The old ruler decided to risk a solitary visit to

  Achilles at his camp, to negotiate the return of his son's

  body.  Achilles, who was by then cooled down, returned

  Hector's remains which had not yet been touched by the

  dogs.  They agreed on an 11-day truce in order to permit

  suitable burial rites for Hector.

       After 10 years of war, Troy was finally destroyed when

  Odysseus contrived the use of the Trojan Horse.  Priam was

  killed by Neoptolemus, son of Achilles.



NAME         Prisciliano

GENDER       M

CATEGORY     druid

TYPE         philosopher

CULTURE      Celtiberian

COUNTRY      Spain

REGION       Galicia / Leon

SITES        Santiago de Compostela

AGE          Post-Roman

DATES        AD 4th c / AD 345 (birth) / AD 385 (beheaded)

ENEMIES      Christian church

REMARKS      In the AD 4th century, a Celtic Galician named

  Prisciliano was teaching a doctrine of druidic beliefs and

  developed a large following of believers in Galicia and


       Prisciliano's initiates walked barefoot in order to

  stay in contact with the forces of the earth.  They were

  sun worshippers, abstained from eating meat and retreated

  to hermitages in the holy mountains along with their

  families and servants.

       This belief in the mixing of the sexes in their

  spiritual retreats was opposed by the developing Christian

  religion.  During the council of Zaragoza in AD 380 the

  male-dominated Christian council condemned Prisciliano to

  death.  After waiting 5 years, the church beheaded him for

  his threatening beliefs.

       There is a popular belief among scholars and Galician

  nationalists that the body at Santiago de Compostela is

  that of Prisciliano and not St James.



NAME         Prydain

EPITHET      Father of Beauty

ALTERNATIVE  Cloten / Clotten / Pryd (seasonal time) /

             Prydain (principles of the seasons) / Prydein

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

CATEGORY     deity / warrior / Brenin / ovate

TYPE         chariot warrior / head chieftain / law maker

CULTURE      Pictish - Trinovantes (Lloegrwys) tribe / Briton

COUNTRY      France / England

REGION       Brittany / Cornwall

TERRITORY    Gaul / Llydaw / Lloegr


AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 6th c / BC 550

RELATIVES    Aedd Mawr (father); Dyvnwal Moelmud (son)

SEE ALSO     Aedd Mawr / Dis / Dyvnwal Moelmud

REMARKS      Prydain was of the Trinovantes tribe near the

  mouth of the Loire river in Brittany.  He led Pictish

  warriors from Llydaw (Brittany) to Lloegr (England) where

  they landed at Cornwall.  They were also known as the

  Lloegrwys tribe, or the children of Lloegr.  In Lloegr,

  Prydain suppressed the "Dragon Tyranny" which was a state

  of constant warfare between tribes.  He then became head

  chieftain and established a system of laws.

       His title Prydain is the Brythonic name for the Picts

  (Pretini).  He and his people brought the La Tène A period

  to Britain and in time they became known as the Britons.



NAME         Pryderi

EPITHET      The Golden-haired Youth

ALTERNATIVE  Pryderi {pri-dehr'-ee, prid-er-ree, pri-dair'-y}

             (Anxiety/Trouble) / Gwri Gwallt Eurin (Gwri

             Golden Hair)

GENDER       M

SYMBOL       horse

FESTIVAL     Beltainn (Brilliant Fires)

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / druid / Brenin

TYPE         horse warrior / artificer / head chieftain

CULTURE      Danann / Demetae tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Dyfed / Glamorgan / Powys

TERRITORY    Dyfed / Ceredigion / Morgannwg / Ystrad Tywr /


LANDMARKS    Prescelly Mountains / Maenawr Coed and Maenawr


SITES        Oxford / Maen Tyriawig above Melenryd (buried)

CENTERS      Caer of Gorsedd Arberth (mound of Arberth)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Ath Cliath

ACCESSORIES  supernatural boars

RELATIVES    Rhiannon (mother); Arawn (father); Pwyll (step-

             father); Teyrnon (foster-father); Pendaran Dyfed

             (foster-father); Cigva (wife); Manawyddan (step-


ENEMIES      Matholwych / Cassubellaunos / Llwyd / Gwyddion

SEE ALSO     Arawn / Bran / Cassubellaunos / Cigva / Gwawl

             fab Clud / Gwyddion ap Don / Gwyn Glohoyw  /

             Llwyd fab Cil Coed / Manawyddan mab Llyr / Math

             / Matholwych / Pwyll / Rhiannon / Teyrnon

REMARKS      The child that was born to Rhiannon and Pwyll on

  the eve of Beltainn disappeared while his mother slept and

  her maids were inattentive.  He was found by Teyrnon and

  was raised by him and his wife who named him Gwri Golden

  Hair.  Pryderi was born at the same time as Teyrnon's mare

  foaled a colt.  The colt was trained for Gwri and became

  his own horse.

       When Gwri was 7 years old it was discovered that he

  was in fact the son of Rhiannon (Sovereign) and Pwyll, the

  head chieftain of Dyfed.  Pendaran Dyfed gave Gwri Golden

  Hair the new name Pryderi (anxiety or trouble) because of

  the trouble his disappearance had caused.

       Pryderi led his warriors to Ireland under the war

  leader Bran and was one of the 7 who survived the battle of

  Ath Cliath against Matholwych, the high chieftain of

  Ireland.  When Pryderi finally returned home he found that

  his father was dead, having been killed in battle defending

  his territory against the Belgae chieftain Cassubellaunos.

       Eventually Pryderi had to recognize Cassubellaunos as

  the Rix of southern England and Wales and went to pay

  homage to him at Uffington Castle, a Belgae stronghold and

  spiritual center.  Pryderi began to rule his territory and

  in time he acquired the 3 cantrefs of Ystrad Tywi and the 4

  cantrefs of Seisyllwch.

       Pryderi suggested to Manawyddan, another survivor of

  the Ireland campaign and cousin of Cassubellaunos, that he

  should marry Pryderi's mother.  Manawyddan was one of the 3

  humble chieftains who had no land until he married Rhiannon

  and acquired the 7 cantrefs of Dyfed to rule.

       Pryderi married Cigva, daughter of Gwynn the Splendid,

  and the family ruled jointly from Gorsedd Arberth (mound of

  Arberth) which is present-day Narberth.  One evening as the

  four nobles sat on the supernatural hill Arberth,

  everything around them disappeared except their fortress.

       For a while they lived on their supplies but soon

  those were gone and they had to survive by hunting and

  fishing.  Soon the four tired of this primitive existence

  and went to England looking for work as artificers.  There

  they had many adventures until they grew weary and went

  back to their fortress in Dyfed.

       One day while hunting, Pryderi and Manawyddan saw a

  white boar with red ears.  Their dogs began a chase and as

  the hunters followed they saw the boar and dogs enter a

  strange white fort that they had never seen before. Pryderi

  entered the fort, against Manawyddan's advice.

       Inside the fort Pryderi saw an empty courtyard with a

  white fountain set in a marble base.  Coming out of the sky

  were four chains suspending a golden cauldron above the

  marble base.  The cauldron was a work of beauty and

  Preyderi stepped forward onto the marble base to touch it.

  As soon as he touched the cauldron, he lost his power of

  speech, his hand stuck to the cauldron and his feet to the

  base.  Manawyddan, after seeing the white boar, then the

  dogs and now Pryderi all disappear into the white fort

  without a sound, went back to Arberth hall to tell Rhiannon

  and Cigva.  Rhiannon was angry at Manawyddan for leaving

  Pryderi in trouble and raced to the mysterious fort.  When

  she entered the gates she saw Pryderi holding onto the

  cauldron and went over to see what was wrong but as soon as

  she stepped onto the marble base she became stuck as well

  and the fort disappeared without a trace.

       They realized that they had been taken prisoners by a

  wizard named Llwyd who was extracting revenge for his

  friend Gwawl who had been the loser in the courting of

  Rhiannon.  While he was a prisoner, Pryderi was given the

  lowly task of gate-hammerer for the fort and had to carry

  the heavy knockers about his neck.  Pryderi and his mother

  were lucky that Manawyddan was able to trick the wizard

  into returning him, his mother, their people and their

  possessions to Dyfed.

       Pryderi was forced into a war with Math, head

  chieftain of Gwynedd, when Math's nephew Gwyddion used his

  talents to trick Pryderi into exchanging his supernatural

  boars, a present from Arawn of Annwn, for an illusion of 12

  horses, 12 dogs, 12 shields, all of which were decorated

  with gold but soon disappeared after the boars were take


       Pryderi and his warriors rode after Gwyddion but were

  confronted by a larger force led by Math.  Pryderi

  suggested that the difference was between himself and

  Gwyddion and they should settle the matter in combat.  The

  two dragons of combat fought between Maenawr Coed and

  Maenawr Bennardd.  Pryderi was killed in the fight and was

  buried at Maen Tyriawig (Maen Twog, Maen Tyfyawg) above




NAME         Pwyll

EPITHET      Head of Dyfed / Master of Hades (Pen Annwn)

ALTERNATIVE  Pwyll {pool, pwill, poo-ull}


GENDER       M

CATEGORY     hero / warrior / Brenin

TYPE         horse warrior / head chieftain

CULTURE      Briton - Demetae tribe

COUNTRY      Wales

REGION       Dyfed


LANDMARKS    Prescelly Mountains

SITES        Glynn Cuch / The Otherworld (Annwn)

CENTERS      Caer of Gorsedd Arberth (mound of Arberth)

AGE          Iron

DATES        BC 2nd-1st c

BATTLES      Seith Marchawg - The Seven Horseman

ACCESSORIES  cauldron of plenty

RELATIVES    Rhiannon (wife); Pryderi (stepson)

ENEMIES      Gwawl / Llwyd / Casswallawn

SEE ALSO     Arawn / Caradawg / Cassubellaunos / Gwawl /

             Heveydd / Llwyd / Pryderi / Rhiannon / Teyrnonn

REMARKS      One day Pwyll was sitting with some friends on

  the mound of Gorsedd Arberth, the royal seat of Dyfed.  The

  mound had the supernatural qualities that if people of

  noble spirit sat upon the hill they would either be hit and

  wounded or they would have a vision.  As the company of

  friends sat on the mound a maiden of great beauty wearing a

  golden cloak and riding a white mare came out of nowhere

  and rode past them without speaking.

       No one knew who she was, so Pwyll sent a rider to ask

  her name and whereabouts but no matter how fast he rode he

  could not get any closer.  Next day as he was sitting on

  the mound the same maiden rode by and again he asked

  someone to catch up with her but again the rider failed.

  Then Pwyll himself rode after her and asked her to stop,

  for the sake of the man whom she loved.  She halted her

  horse and gave her name as Rhiannon, daughter of Heveydd

  the Ancient.

       Rhiannon explained that she was being forced to marry

  someone she did not love and that if Pwyll would not have

  her then she would remain unmarried.  Pwyll replied that if

  he had all the women on earth to choose from he would

  choose her.  Rhiannon then invited Pwyll to a festival the

  following year.

       Pwyll arrived at the caer of Heveydd the Ancient with

  100 warriors.  He was seated with Rhiannon to his left and

  her father on the right.  While they were feasting, a young

  red-haired warrior from the north appeared.  The handsome

  youth said he had come to ask a favor of Pwyll and

  unwittingly Pwyll said he would grant him anything in his

  power.  Rhiannon then informed Pwyll that this was Gwawl,

  the suitor from the north that she did not want to marry.

  She scolded Pwyll for making the worse possible use of his

  wit.  Gwawl said that he would like to have the bride

  Rhiannon and the feast for himself.  Rhiannon, being quick

  of thought, told Gwawl that this was not the bridal feast

  and he would have to come back in 12 months' time.

       Rhiannon devised a plan where Pwyll would act as a

  beggar with a supernatural bag that could not be filled.

  All worked out for the best and Rhiannon and Pwyll were

  married and all was pleasant until after the 3rd year when

  Rhiannon still was not pregnant.  The people of Dyfed

  became unhappy because Pwyll, as the head chieftain, had to

  be successful with sovereignty if the tribe was to prosper

  and as yet there was no child.

       While hunting one morning in the woods of Glynn Cuch,

  Pwyll noticed a pack of white hounds with red ears chasing

  a stag.  Pwyll put his own hound onto the stag and began to

  chase them when he was overtaken by the owner of the dogs,

  a handsome noble dressed in gray and riding a dapple gray

  horse.  The man introduced himself as Arawn, a chieftain of

  Annwn, and he critized Pwyll for the way he had set his

  hound on a quarry that his own hounds had already run down.

       Pwyll apologized and offered to make amends.  Arawn

  then told Pwyll of his problem with a rival chieftain in

  Annwn named Heveydd.  If Pwyll would agree, Arawn would use

  his sorcery to change their shapes so that each would look

  like the other.  Then Pwyll would go to Annwn looking like

  Arawn and govern for the year and Arawn in Pwyll's form

  would govern Dyfed.  At the end of the year, Pwyll would

  meet Havgan in combat and defeat him.  Pwyll must remember

  to deal him one blow and no more, otherwise Heveydd would

  rise stronger than before and Pwyll would lose.

       Pwyll agreed and went to govern Annwn but met an

  unexpected situation when he was introduced to Arawn's

  wife.  Pwyll was courteous to her and treated her as a wife

  during the day but when night came and they retired to bed

  he never touched her but slept facing the wall.

       When the day of combat came, Pwyll disguised as Arawn

  met his father-in-law Heveydd Hen at a river ford to do

  battle.  They fought from horseback and in the first

  contact Heveydd was thrown from his horse and landed on the

  ground.  He begged Pwyll to hit him again but Pwyll had

  been warned and refused to touch him.  Pwyll then took his

  army and conquered the whole of the territory, making

  himself Master of Annwn.

       When the appointed time arrived, Pwyll went back to

  Glynn Cuch and met with Arawn.  They exchanged bodies and

  returned to their own homes.  Pwyll found Dyfed very

  healthy and when he asked his people how he had ruled in

  the past year they told him that his rule had been

  exceptionally good.  He then told his people the story of

  how he and Annwn had switched places.  The two leaders then

  swore a pact of friendship, giving each other many gifts of

  great wealth.

       Rhiannon also benefitted from the exchange and gave

  birth to a boy, but he disappeared the night he was born.

  Rhiannon was accused of killing the baby and was punished

  by being made to carry any visitors on her back from the

  entrance gate to the hall and tell them the story of what

  she had done.  Seven years later, Teyrnon the chieftain of

  Gwent ys Coed arrived with a boy whom he believed was the

  son of Rhiannon and Pwyll.  The council all agreed the boy

  was the missing son, and he was named Pryderi.

       During the invasion of Ireland against Matholwch,

  Pwyll remained in Dyfed as one of the 7 Horsemen (Seith

  Marchawg) to guard Wales.  He was killed in a battle when

  Dyfed was attacked by the Belgae chieftain Cassubellaunos.